Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΠ½Π·ΠΎΠ½ ΠΡΡΠ·ΠΎ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ ΡΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½Π΅ ΠΠ°Π½ΠΈΡΠ»Ρ ΠΠ΅ΡΠΎ, Π²ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠ΅ ΠΎΠΏΡΠ±Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ²Π°Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌ Π² Π°ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ 1719 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. Π‘ΡΠΆΠ΅Ρ, ΡΠΊΠΎΡΠ΅Π΅ Π²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ, ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ Π½Π° ΡΠ΅Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π±ΠΎΡΠΌΠ°Π½Π°, ΠΎΡΠ»ΠΈΡΠ°Π²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎΡΡ ΠΊΡΠ°ΠΉΠ½Π΅ Π½Π΅ΡΠΆΠΈΠ²ΡΠΈΠ²ΡΠΌ ΠΈ ΡΠΊΠ»ΠΎΡΠ½ΡΠΌ Ρ Π°ΡΠ°ΠΊΡΠ΅ΡΠΎΠΌ. Π 1704 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΎΠ½ Π±ΡΠ» Π²ΡΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ ΠΏΠΎ ΡΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌΡ ΡΡΠ΅Π±ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΡ Π½Π° Π½Π΅ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΡΠ°Π΅ΠΌΡΠΉ ΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ², ΡΠ½Π°Π±ΠΆΠ΅Π½ ΠΎΡΡΠΆΠΈΠ΅ΠΌ, ΠΏΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΡΠ²ΠΈΠ΅ΠΌ, ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π°ΠΌΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΈΠ½ΡΡΡΡΠΌΠ΅Π½ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ. ΠΠ° ΡΡΠΎΠΌ ΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ ΠΎΠ½ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΆΠΈΠ» Π΄ΠΎ 1709 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. Π ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΠ½Π·ΠΎΠ½ ΠΡΡΠ·ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΆΠΈΠ» Π½Π° ΡΠ°ΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ 28 Π»Π΅Ρ. Π ΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½ ΠΠ΅ΡΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ»Π°Π²Π»ΡΠ» ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ° ΡΡΡΠ΄Π° ΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ Π»ΡΠ΄Π΅ΠΉ Π½Π°Π΄ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠΉ.
Books about voyages and new discoveries were very popular in the first quater of the 18th century, there were written many stories of this kind but while Defoe was busy with politics he didn’t think of also trying his hand at it. However one story in Steel magazine attracted his attention.
It was about a Scottish sailor, who lived alone 4 years and 4 months on a desert island. However, Defoe’s hero, Robinson Crusoe, spend 28 years on a desert island. The novel was a praise of human labour and the triumph the men over nature. Labour and fortitude helped Robinson to endure hardships. They saved him from dispair. The very process of hard work gave him satisfaction. Robinson’s most characteristic trait is his optimism.