Π ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΠΎΡ Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΠΌΠ°Ρ ΠΊΠ½ΠΈΠ³Π° “Π ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΠ½Π·ΠΎΠ½ ΠΡΡΠ·ΠΎ” Ρ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Ρ ΠΎ ΡΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½Π΅ ΠΠ°Π½ΠΈΡΠ»Ρ ΠΠ΅ΡΠΎ, ΠΈΠ·Π΄Π°Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌ Π² 1719 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ°Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌ Π»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ΅Π½ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ. Π ΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½ Π΄Π΅ΠΌΠΎΠ½ΡΡΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ²Π°Π» Π½Π΅ΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΠΌΡΠ΅ Π²ΠΎΠ·ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ° Π² ΠΎΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈ Π² Π±ΠΎΡΡΠ±Π΅ Ρ Π²ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΄Π΅Π±Π½ΡΠΌ Π΅ΠΌΡ ΠΌΠΈΡΠΎΠΌ. ΠΠΎ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΡ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π°Ρ , Π·Π° ΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΊ Π»Π΅Ρ, ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΠΎΠ²Π°Π²ΡΠΈΡ Π·Π° ΠΏΡΠ±Π»ΠΈΠΊΠ°ΡΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΠ½ΠΈΠ³ΠΈ ΠΎ Π ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΠ½Π·ΠΎΠ½Π΅, Π±ΡΠ»ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·Π΄Π°Π½ΠΎ Π½Π΅ ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π΅Π΅ ΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΊΠ° “ΡΠΎΠ±ΠΈΠ½Π·ΠΎΠ½Π°Π΄”. ΠΡΠ° ΠΊΠ½ΠΈΠ³Π° Π΄Π°Π»Π° Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π»ΠΎ ΠΊΠ»Π°ΡΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠΌΡ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠΌΡ ΡΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½Ρ ΠΈ Π΅Π΅ Π½Π΅ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΊΠΎ Π½Π°Π·ΡΠ²Π°ΡΡ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠΌ “ΠΏΠΎΠ΄Π»ΠΈΠ½Π½ΡΠΌ” ΡΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½ΠΎΠΌ Π½Π° Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ΅.
D. Defoe (1660-1731) was a great master of realistic detail. The novel “Robinson Crusoe” was written in 1719. The novel is praise to human labour and the triumph of man over nature. Defoe shows the development of his hero. At the beginning of the story we see an unexperienced youth, a rather frivolous boy, who then becomes a strong-willed man.
Robinson Crusoe’s most characteristic trait is his optimism. His guiding principle in life become “never say die” and “in trouble to be troubled is to have your troubles doubled”. He had confidence in himself and in man. He believed it was within the power of man to overcome all difficulties. Crusoe was an enthusiastic worker and always hoped for the best.
Defoe is a writer of the Enlightenment. He teaches people how to live, he tries to teach what’s good and what’s bad.
His novel “Robinson Crusoe” is not only a work of fiction, an account of adventures, a biography and an educational pamphlet. It is a study of man, a great work showing man in relation to nature and civilization as well as in relation to labour and private property.