Π ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΠΎΡ Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΠΌΠ°Ρ ΠΊΠ½ΠΈΠ³Π° Ρ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Ρ ΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΈ “Π‘ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊ ΠΈ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅” ΠΡΠ½Π΅ΡΡΠ° Π₯Π΅ΠΌΠΈΠ½Π³ΡΡΡ. ΠΠ»Π°Π²Π½ΡΠΉ Π³Π΅ΡΠΎΠΉ ΠΏΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΈ β ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊ Π‘Π°Π½ΡΡΡΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½Π°Π΄Π»Π΅ΠΆΠΈΡ ΠΌΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ΄Ρ. ΠΠ½ Π·Π½Π°Π΅Ρ, Π·Π°ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΎΠ½ ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ Π½Π° ΡΠ²Π΅Ρ: “Π’Ρ ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ, ΡΡΠΎΠ±Ρ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡ ΡΡΠ±Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌ, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΡΡΠ±Π° ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ»Π°ΡΡ, ΡΡΠΎΠ±Ρ Π±ΡΡΡ ΡΡΠ±ΠΎΠΉ”. ΠΠ° Π΄ΠΎΠ»Ρ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊΠ° Π²ΡΠΏΠ°Π»ΠΎ ΡΡΠΆΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΉΡΠ΅Π΅ ΠΈΡΠΏΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅: ΠΎΠ½ Π²Π΅Π΄Π΅Ρ ΡΠ²ΠΎΡ Π±ΠΎΡΡΠ±Ρ Ρ Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠ±ΠΎΠΉ ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ½ Π½Π° ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ½, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΎ Π³Π΅ΡΠΎΡ. ΠΠ° ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΈ Π²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ½ΠΊΠ° Π² ΠΌΡΡΠ»ΡΡ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊΠ° Π²ΡΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΡΡΡΡΠ²ΡΠ΅Ρ Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΌΠ°Π»Π΅Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ Π΄ΡΡΠ³, ΠΌΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΈΠΊ ΠΏΠΎ ΠΈΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΈ ΠΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ»ΠΈΠ½. Π‘ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊ ΡΠΎ ΠΈ Π΄Π΅Π»ΠΎ Π²ΡΠΏΠΎΠΌΠΈΠ½Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ Π½Π΅ΠΌ, ΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠΌΡ ΡΡΠΎ ΠΌΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΈΠΊ Π²ΠΎΠΏΠ»ΠΎΡΠ°Π΅Ρ Π² ΡΠ΅Π±Π΅ Π±ΡΠ΄ΡΡΠ΅Π΅ ΠΏΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊΡ Ρ ΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΠΊΡΠ΅ΠΏΠΈΡΡ Π² ΠΌΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΈΠΊΠ΅ Π΅Π³ΠΎ Π²Π΅ΡΡ Π² ΡΠ΅Π±Ρ, Π² ΡΠΎ, ΡΡΠΎ ΠΎΠ½, ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊ, Π΅ΡΠ΅ ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ΅Ρ Π»ΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡΡ ΡΡΠ±Ρ. Π‘Π°ΠΌΡΠΉ Π³Π»Π°Π²Π½ΡΠΉ Π²ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ ΠΏΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΈ: ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΊ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΏΠΈΡ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅, Π½ΠΎ Π² Π²ΡΡΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠΌΡΡΠ»Π΅ ΠΎΠ½ ΠΎΡΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ Π½Π΅ΠΏΠΎΠ±Π΅ΠΆΠ΄Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠΌ, Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠ΅ Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΈΠ½ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΡΠΎΡΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΡΠ΅Ρ. Π ΡΠΎΠ³Π΄Π° ΠΎΠ½ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΎΡΠΈΡ ΡΠ»ΠΎΠ²Π°, Π² ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΡ Π²ΡΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ Π²Π΅ΡΡ ΠΏΠ°ΡΠΎΡ ΠΊΠ½ΠΈΠ³ΠΈ: “Π§Π΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊ Π½Π΅ Π΄Π»Ρ ΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠΎΠ·Π΄Π°Π½, ΡΡΠΎΠ±Ρ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΏΠ΅ΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ. Π§Π΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ° ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΎ ΡΠ½ΠΈΡΡΠΎΠΆΠΈΡΡ, Π½ΠΎ Π΅Π³ΠΎ Π½Π΅Π»ΡΠ·Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠ±Π΅Π΄ΠΈΡΡ”.
My favourite book is “The Old Man and the Sea” by Ernest Hemingway. This story is one of the well-known works of the writer. The author depicts the characters of the old man and the boy and their relations very vividly and skillfully. Santiago, the old man, was one of the writer’s beloved characters. The old man was a born fisherman, but he was not a butcher and fished only for a living. He was very lonely. He had a devoted friend – the boy, Manolin. The boy loved the old man for his kind heart, his devotion to the sea. Manolin was like a son to Santiago. He took care of the old man’s food and his belongings.
The old man was glad to pass his experience to the boy. He looked forward to going to the sea together with the boy. All Santiago’s life had been in preparation for the battle with big fish. He knew that he had been born for this and it was time to prove it. A strong man at last had met a strong fish. The battle was a difficult one and full of danger. Though the sharks had eaten the fish and nothing had left but the backbone, the old man had morally won the battle.
Santiago’s words “man can be destroyed but not defeated” are the main idea of this story. “The Old Man and the Sea” is a masterpiece for its imaginative language and the description of nature.