Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΠ°ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π΅ΠΎΠ½ ΠΠΎΠ½Π°ΠΏΠ°ΡΡ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎΠ± ΠΈΠΌΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΠ΅ ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ·ΠΎΠ², Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΊΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΡΠ΅ ΠΈ Π³ΠΎΡΡΠ΄Π°ΡΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌ Π΄Π΅ΡΡΠ΅Π»Π΅, Π·Π°Π»ΠΎΠΆΠΈΠ²ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Ρ ΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π³ΠΎΡΡΠ΄Π°ΡΡΡΠ²Π°. ΠΠ°ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π΅ΠΎΠ½ ΠΠΎΠ½Π°ΠΏΠ°ΡΡ ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ 15 Π°Π²Π³ΡΡΡΠ° 1769 Π³. Π½Π° ΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ ΠΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΊΠ°, Π² ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡΠ΅ Π½Π΅Π±ΠΎΠ³Π°ΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π΄Π²ΠΎΡΡΠ½ΠΈΠ½Π° ΠΈ Π°Π΄Π²ΠΎΠΊΠ°ΡΠ°. Π 1779 Π³. Π½Π° ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π²ΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΡΠ΅Ρ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠΏΠΈΠ» Π² Π²ΠΎΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΡ ΡΠΊΠΎΠ»Ρ Π² ΠΡΠΈΠ΅Π½Π½Π΅. Π‘Π²ΠΎΡ Π²ΠΎΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΡ ΡΠ»ΡΠΆΠ±Ρ Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π» Π² 1785 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π² ΡΠΈΠ½Π΅ ΠΌΠ»Π°Π΄ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ Π»Π΅ΠΉΡΠ΅Π½Π°Π½ΡΠ° Π°ΡΡΠΈΠ»Π»Π΅ΡΠΈΠΈ; Π²ΡΠ΄Π²ΠΈΠ½ΡΠ»ΡΡ Π² ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΎΠ΄ ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ΅Π²ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠΈ, Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠ³Π½ΡΠ² ΡΠΈΠ½Π° Π±ΡΠΈΠ³Π°Π΄Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π³Π΅Π½Π΅ΡΠ°Π»Π° ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ Π²Π·ΡΡΠΈΡ Π’ΡΠ»ΠΎΠ½Π° 18 Π΄Π΅ΠΊΠ°Π±ΡΡ 1793 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. ΠΡΠΈ ΠΠΈΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΠΎΡΠΈΠΈ Π΄ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ ΡΠΈΠ½Π° Π΄ΠΈΠ²ΠΈΠ·ΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π³Π΅Π½Π΅ΡΠ°Π»Π° ΠΈ Π΄ΠΎΠ»ΠΆΠ½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½Π΄ΡΡΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ Π²ΠΎΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΠΈΠ»Π°ΠΌΠΈ, Π° Π·Π°ΡΠ΅ΠΌ Π΄ΠΎΠ»ΠΆΠ½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½Π΄ΡΡΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΡΠ°Π»ΡΡΠ½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π°ΡΠΌΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ. Π 1798-1799 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°Ρ Π²ΠΎΠ·Π³Π»Π°Π²Π»ΡΠ» Π²ΠΎΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΡ ΡΠΊΡΠΏΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΡ Π² ΠΠ³ΠΈΠΏΠ΅Ρ. Π Π½ΠΎΡΠ±ΡΠ΅ 1799 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΈΠ» Π³ΠΎΡΡΠ΄Π°ΡΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠΉ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π²ΠΎΡΠΎΡ, Π² ΡΠ΅Π·ΡΠ»ΡΡΠ°ΡΠ΅ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΡΠ°Π» ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠΌ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΡΠ»ΠΎΠΌ, ΡΠ°ΠΊΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ² ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΌ Π² ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΈΡ ΡΡΠΊΠ°Ρ Π²ΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π½ΠΎΡΡ Π²Π»Π°ΡΡΠΈ. Π£ΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ²ΠΈΠ» Π΄ΠΈΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΠ΅ΠΆΠΈΠΌ. ΠΡΠΎΠ²Π΅Π» ΡΡΠ΄ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΎΡΠΌ: ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π€ΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π±Π°Π½ΠΊΠ°, ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½ΡΡΠΈΠ΅ Π³ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΄Π°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠ΄Π΅ΠΊΡΠ° ΠΈ Π΄Ρ. 18 ΠΌΠ°Ρ 1804 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° Π±ΡΠ» ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ·Π³Π»Π°ΡΠ΅Π½ ΠΈΠΌΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΌ. ΠΠΎΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π°ΡΠΌΠΈΠΈ Π² Π²ΠΎΠΉΠ½Π΅ 1812 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ² Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠΈΠ»ΠΎ Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π»ΠΎ ΠΊΡΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΈΠΌΠΏΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΠ°ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π΅ΠΎΠ½Π° I. ΠΡΡΡΠΏΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π² 1814 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π²ΠΎΠΉΡΠΊ ΠΊΠΎΠ°Π»ΠΈΡΠΈΠΈ Π² ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΆ Π²ΡΠ½ΡΠ΄ΠΈΠ»ΠΎ ΠΠ°ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π΅ΠΎΠ½Π° I ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΡΡ ΠΎΡ ΠΏΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΠ»Π°, ΠΈ ΠΎΠ½ Π±ΡΠ» ΡΠΎΡΠ»Π°Π½ Π½Π° ΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ² ΠΠ»ΡΠ±Π°. ΠΠ½ΠΎΠ²Ρ Π·Π°Π½ΡΠ» ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΠΏΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΠ» Π² ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ 1815 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°, Π½ΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΏΡΠΈ ΠΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΠ»ΠΎΠΎ Π²ΡΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΡ ΠΎΡ ΠΏΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΠ»Π° 22 ΠΈΡΠ½Ρ 1815 Π³. ΠΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²Π΅Π» Π½Π° ΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ Π‘Π²ΡΡΠΎΠΉ ΠΠ»Π΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠ»Π΅Π½Π½ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΡΠ°Π½. ΠΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠ°Ρ Ρ 1840 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° Π½Π°Ρ ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΡΡ Π² ΠΠΎΠΌΠ΅ ΠΈΠ½Π²Π°Π»ΠΈΠ΄ΠΎΠ² Π² ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΆΠ΅.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Corsica Island. He was the greatest hero of France. His family had moved there from Italy in the 16th century. His original name was Napoleone and his original nationality was Corsican-Italian.
His father was a lawyer, and was anti-French. One reason Napoleon may have been such a great leader and revolutionary, that he was raised in a family of radicals. When Napoleon was nine, his father sent him to Brienne, a French military government school in Paris. It was there that he received his military training. He studied to be an artilleryman and an officer. He finished his training and joined the French army when he was just 16.
Napoleon was assigned to work in Paris in 1792. After the French monarchy was overthrown in August 1792, he was promoted to captain.
In 1793, he was chosen to direct the artillery against the siege in Toulon. Very soon after Toulon fell and Napoleon was promoted to brigadier general. He was made commander of the French army in Italy and defeated many Austrian Generals. Soon after this Austria and France made peace and Napoleon was released from his command, he was suspected of treason. In 1795, he broke up a revolt and saved the French government. He had earned back respect and he was once again given command of the French Army in Italy. He came up with a plan that worked very well. “He would cut the enemy’s army in to two parts, then attack one side of them before the other side could help them”.
After this, Napoleon was almost impossible to stop. He made an unsuccessful attempt to invade Egypt and in 1799 he returned to France to find the Directory (the French Government) in a mess. He overthrew the Directory, and created a new government, in which there were three consuls and he was the most important one. At this time, everyone in France loved and admired Napoleon; his power increased. In 1802 France signed a peace treaty with England and Germany.
He re-established the University of France, reformed the education system, and founded the Bank of France. He also made the Napoleonic Code: the first clear, compact statement of the French law. The Napoleonic Code has served as a base for legal systems around the world until this day.
Soon he changed the government again and declared himself the Emperor of France. He married Marie Louise, the daughter of the Emperor of Austria. Soon his son was born. He now was the ruler of a Great Empire, and he had 42 million people under his control.
Then he tried to invade Russia, after that his empire began to crumble.
And on April 6,1814, he was forced from the throne and was exiled to the island of Elba. About a year later, he gathered about 1,000 soldiers and went to Paris and regained power. He ruled for a short time and then he surrendered to the English.
He was exiled to the island of St. Helena in the south Atlantic, where he stayed until he died on May 5, 1821. He is supposed to die of cancer, but there are rumours that he was poisoned.