Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΡΠΊΡΡΡΠΈΠ΅ ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ ΠΡΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΎΡΠ΅ ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΠΌΠ±Π΅, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΡΠΈΡΠ°ΡΡ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΠ²Π°ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΌ ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΈ. ΠΠΎ ΡΠ°ΠΊ ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΠΌΠ±Π° ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΎ Π½Π°Π·Π²Π°ΡΡ Ρ ΠΎΠ³ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΡΠΊΠ°ΠΌΠΈ, Π½ΠΎ ΠΈΠΌΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎ ΡΠΊΡΠΏΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΠΌΠ±Π° Π²ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ΄Π΅Π»Π°Π»ΠΈ ΡΠ²Π΅Π΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΎ Π·Π΅ΠΌΠ»ΡΡ Π½Π° Π·Π°ΠΏΠ°Π΄Π΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΎΠ±ΡΠΈΠΌ Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΠ½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠΈΠ»ΠΈ Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π»ΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ½ΠΈΠ·Π°ΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΈ Π΅Π²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΠΉΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ. ΠΠ°ΡΡΡΠΈΠ²ΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ΄Π΄Π΅ΡΠΆΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π²Ρ ΠΠ·Π°Π±Π΅Π»Π»Ρ ΠΈ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Ρ Π€Π΅ΡΠ΄ΠΈΠ½Π°Π½Π΄Π° (ΠΠ°ΡΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΡ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Π΅ΠΉ ΠΡΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ), ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΠΌΠ± Π½Π° 3-Ρ ΠΊΠΎΡΠ°Π±Π»ΡΡ 9 ΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡΠ±ΡΡ 1492 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΎΡΠΏΡΠ°Π²ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ Π² ΠΏΠ»Π°Π²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΈ ΡΠ²ΠΈΠ΄Π΅Π» Π±Π΅ΡΠ΅Π³Π° ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΈ 12 ΠΎΠΊΡΡΠ±ΡΡ 1492 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. 15 ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠ° 1493 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΠΌΠ± Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΡΠ»ΡΡ Π² ΠΡΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΡ Π½Π° 2-Ρ ΠΊΠΎΡΠ°Π±Π»ΡΡ , ΠΏΡΠΈΠ²Π΅Π·Ρ Ρ ΡΠΎΠ±ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΡΠ·Π΅ΠΌΡΠ΅Π², Π½Π΅ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π·ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΡΠ°, Π½Π΅Π²ΠΈΠ΄Π°Π½Π½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ°Π½Π΅Π΅ Π² ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ, ΠΏΠ»ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΈΡ. ΠΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΠΌΠ± ΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΈΠ» 4 ΠΏΠ»Π°Π²Π°Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΊ ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠ΅.
“In 1492 Columbus sailed Ocean Blue”. This little rhyme many American children learn to remember the date when Christopher Columbus “discovered” America. ‘But was Christopher Columbus really the first person to discover the continent and return home to tell about it? Probably not, but he was the first to return to Europe and tell all about what he believed to be a new route to Asia. Most people in Columbus’ days thought that the earth was flat, and they did not believe that a route to the India across the Atlantic would be shorter and safer than a route around Africa.
He did not have the money to buy ships and hire sailors. At first Columbus asked the king of Portugal to pay for his voyage. The king asked his advisers, and after their report he denied to help Columbus. Then Columbus travelled to Spain to ask Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand for help. Six years later Isabella gave Columbus three caravels: the Santa Maria, the Nina and the Pinta.
Columbus’s crew last saw land on the eastern horizon on the 9th of September, 1492. On the 12th of October, 1492, when everybody was very tired and anxious, the lookout on the Pinta saw something like a white cliff shining in the moonlight. Columbus named the land he had reached San Salvador. He thought they landed in Asia.
On the 15th of March, 1493, Columbus was back to Spain with two of his ships. He brought parrots, an alligator, a few pieces of gold jewelry, some unusual plants and six American Indians.