The Renaissance

Топик Ренессанс рассказывает об имеющей мировое значение в истории культуры Европы эпохе Возрождения, пришедшей на смену Средним векам и предшествующей Просвещению. Эпоха Ренессанса длилась с 14-го по 17- е века. Отличительная черта эпохи Возрождения – светский характер культуры, ее гуманизм и интерес, в первую очередь, к человеку и его деятельности. Расцветает интерес к античной культуре, происходит как бы ее “возрождение” – так и появился термин. Развитие знаний существенно повлияло на представления людей о мире и месте человека

в нем: географические открытия Колумба и Васко да Гама, новая система мира Николая Коперника, новая теория искусства Леонардо да Винчи и попытки разработки “идеального” общественного устройства в “Утопии” Томаса Мора.

The Renaissance or the revival of learning was the period when european culture was at it’s high. It lasted from the 14’th century till 17’th century, and was coursed by complex of economic situation and social conditions. The feudal system was been shuttled by the bourgeoisie, which was getting stronger and stronger. It was more profitable to unite under a single rouler. Absolute monarchy came into being. This lead to the forming of nations and the true sense of the world. New social and economic conditions called for the new ideology, because the catholic dogmas didn’t correspond to the new trend of life. For this reason in many european countries the protestant religion spread up and national churches were established.

Instead of the blindness demanded by the catholic then appeared a new outlook which was called humanism. The time

demanded positive rational knowledge and this demand was fully met: in astronomy by Copernicus, in philosophy by Tomas More, in geography by Columbus, Vasko da Gama and others. Leonardo da Vinci created a new theory of art: “It was the greatest progressive revolution that mankind have so far experienced, a time, which called for “Giants” and produced Giants in power and thought, passion and character in universality and language.”

An example of a typical men of the Renaissance period was: the famous Englishmen sir Walter Raleigh, he was a soldier, sailor, explorer, pirate, coloniser, historian, philosopher and a poet. He was much interested in science and literature. He wrote works of geography and lead expedition to South America. He was an outstanding poet. His poems are full of profound wisdom, written with great elegance of style. He organised an “academy”. Christopher Marlowe the greatest dramatist (before Shakespear). But one of the greatest men of this period was sir Thomas More.

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The Renaissance