The list of holidays in the United States varies from state to state but generally includes the major holidays. Besides Christmas, Easter and St. Valentine’s Day celebrated in Christian countries, May Day and Halloween, the celebration of which is very much the same as in Great Britain, there are some specifically American holidays.
Memorial Day is observed in late May. It was introduced in 1868 for the purpose of decorating the graves of Civil Wir veterans and has since become a day on which all war dead are commemorated. Independence Day, or July Fourth commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. It emerged during the American Revolution and has been the most important patriotic holiday ever since. Traditionally it has been celebrated with the firing of guns and fireworks, parades, open-air meetings, and patriotic speeches. Today local authorities prevent much of the former display of fireworks and use of firearms. Veterans’ Day is celebrated on November, 11. It is the holiday formerly observed in the United States as Armistice Day and commemorates the signing of the Armistice ending World War I. The day is set aside in honour of all those who have fought in defense of the United States.
Midsummer day and Midsummer night, names given to the feast of the nativity of St. John the Baptist (June 24) and the preceding night (St. John’s Eve, June 23), have been associated with solar ceremonies since long before Christianity. Relics of such ceremonies are the bright bonfires and the merrymaking of midsummer night. Labour Day, the holiday celebrated in the United States and Canada on the first Monday in September to honour the labourer. Columbus Day is a holiday commemorating Christopher Columbus’s discovery of America, celebrated on the Monday nearest to October, 12.
Thanksgiving Day commemorates the harvest reaped by the Plymouth Colony in 1621, after a winter of great starvation and privation. The first national Thanksgiving Day was proclaimed by George Washington in 1789. Now Thanksgiving is the fourth Thursday in November. The day is observed by church services and family reunions with the customary turkey dinner reminding of the four wild turkeys served at the Pilgrims’ first thanksgiving feast.
Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Π‘ΠΏΠΈΡΠΎΠΊ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ² Π‘Π¨Π ΡΠ°Π·Π»ΠΈΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ ΠΎΡ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠ° ΠΊ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡ, Π½ΠΎ ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ½ΠΎ Π²ΠΊΠ»ΡΡΠ°Π΅Ρ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π½ΡΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΈΠΊΠΈ, ΡΠΎ Π΅ΡΡΡ Π ΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ, ΠΠ°ΡΡ Ρ ΠΈ ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ ΡΠ². ΠΠ°Π»Π΅Π½ΡΠΈΠ½Π°, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡ Π² Ρ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΡ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π°Ρ , ΠΠ°ΠΉΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ Π΄Π΅Π½Ρ ΠΈ Π½Π΅ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΎ Π°ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΈΠΊΠΈ.
2. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠΌΠΈΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠ±ΡΠΈΡ Π² Π²ΠΎΠΉΠ½Π°Ρ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ Π² ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΠΌΠ°Ρ; ΠΎΠ½ Π±ΡΠ» Π²Π²Π΅Π΄Π΅Π½ Ρ ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΡ ΡΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΌΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠ» Π²Π΅ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ² Π³ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΄Π°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π²ΠΎΠΉΠ½Ρ ΠΈ ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Π΄Π½Π΅ΠΌ, ΠΊΠΎΠ³Π΄Π° ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΡΡΡΡΡ Π²ΡΠ΅ ΠΏΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠ±ΡΠΈΠ΅ Π² Π²ΠΎΠΉΠ½Π°Ρ .
3. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ Π½Π΅Π·Π°Π²ΠΈΡΠΈΠΌΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΡΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΠΈΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½ΡΡΠΈΠ΅ ΠΠ΅ΠΊΠ»Π°ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈ Π½Π΅Π·Π°Π²ΠΈΡΠΈΠΌΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ ΡΡΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ±ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈΠ· ΡΡΠΆΠ΅ΠΉ, ΡΠ΅ΠΉΠ΅ΡΠ²Π΅ΡΠΊΠ°ΠΌΠΈ, ΠΏΠ°ΡΠ°Π΄Π°ΠΌΠΈ, ΠΌΠΈΡΠΈΠ½Π³Π°ΠΌΠΈ Π½Π° ΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΡΠΎΠΌ Π²ΠΎΠ·Π΄ΡΡ Π΅ ΠΈ ΠΏΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΠΌΠΈ Π²ΡΡΡΡΠΏΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ.
4. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ Π²Π΅ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ² ΡΠ°Π½Π΅Π΅ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΎΠ²Π°Π»ΡΡ Π² ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠΈΡΠΈΡ; ΠΎΠ½ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ²Π»Π΅Π½ Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΠ΅Ρ , ΠΊΡΠΎ Π·Π°ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π» Π‘Π¨Π.
5. ΠΠ²Π°Π½ΠΎΠ² Π΄Π΅Π½Ρ Π°ΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΠΈΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Ρ ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ΄Π°ΠΌΠΈ, ΠΏΠΎΡΠ²ΡΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΠΎΠ»Π½ΡΡ Ρ Π΄ΠΎΡ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΡ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½, ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ ΡΡΠΊΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΠΊΠΎΡΡΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ ΠΈ Π²Π΅ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ΅ΠΌ.
4. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΠ»Π°Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ Π² ΠΏΠ°ΠΌΡΡΡ ΠΎΠ± ΡΡΠΎΠΆΠ°Π΅ 1621 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ Π·ΠΈΠΌΡ Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π³ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΈ Π»ΠΈΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΉ.
1. The list of holidays in the United States varies from state to state but generally includes major holidays, that is Christmas, Easter and St. Valentine’s Day celebrated in Christian countries, May Day and Hallowe’en and some specifically American holidays.
2. Memorial Day is observed in late May, was introduced for the purpose of decorating the graves of Civil War veterans and is a day on which all dead are commemorated.
3. Independence Day commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence and is celebrated with the firing of guns and fireworks, parades, open air meetings and patriotic speeches.
4. Veteran’s Day was formerly observed as Armistice Day and is set in honour of those who have fought in defense of the United States.
5. Midsummer Day has been associated with solar ceremonies since long before Christianity and is celebrated with bright bonfires and merrymaking.
6. Thanksgiving Day commemorates the harvest of 1621 after a winter of great starvation and privation.
ΠΠ· ΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠ±ΠΈΡ “ΠΠΠ. ΠΠ½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΠ·ΡΠΊ. Π£ΡΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ” ΠΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ½Π° Π. Π. (2010, 272Ρ.) – Part two. Additional topics.