The Russian New Year is celebrated on January, 1,2, 3,4 and 5 or on January, 13 (which is the first of the year according to the Julian calendar, used in Russia before 1918). This holiday usually flows directly into the celebration of Christmas on January, 7.
On February, 23, which is Day of the Defenders of the Motherland Russia honours those who are serving in the Armed Forces and those who have served in the past. During the era of the Soviet Union, it was marked as the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy (marking the day of the first combat action against the occupying German army in World War I).
International Women’s Day is celebrated every March, 8. The United Nations declares this day to celebrate women and the accomplishments they have made to society. It is not celebrated much throughout the world. On this day, women in Russia are presented with gifts and thanked for their work, love and devotion.
On the first two days of May which are the holiday of Spring and Labour, the workers of Russia are honoured, along with the coming of spring. In the former Soviet Union, 1 May was May Day and was celebrated with huge parades in cities.
Every May, 9, Russia pauses to celebrate the Victory Day commemorating victory over Nazi Germany, while remembering those who fell in order to achieve it. May, 9 was chosen, since the day before in 1945, the Germans gave up to the Soviet Union and its Allies. May, 9 was when the peace took effect. A military parade is usually held in Moscow to celebrate the day On June, 12 Russia formally left the Soviet Union. The holiday of Independence Day was established by Boris Yeltsin, however, it was his successor Vladimir Putin who made it into a big celebration. Military parades could take place on this day in Moscow and other large cities.
November, 4, Day of People’s Unity, or National unity day, was first celebrated in 2005. It commemorates the popular uprising which threw the Polish occupying force out from Moscow in November of 1612, and more generally the end of foreign intervention in Russia. Its name alludes to the idea that all the classes of the Russian society willingly united to preserve the Russian state when its collapse seemed inevitable.
Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Π ΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΠΠΎΠ²ΡΠΉ Π³ΠΎΠ΄ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ 1-5 ΡΠ½Π²Π°ΡΡ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ 14 ΡΠ½Π²Π°ΡΡ, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ΅ Π±ΡΠ»ΠΎ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠΌ Π΄Π½Π΅ΠΌ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΏΠΎ ΡΠ»ΠΈΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΌΡ ΠΊΠ°Π»Π΅Π½Π΄Π°ΡΡ, ΠΈΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡΡΡ Π² Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΈ Π΄ΠΎ 1918 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°.
2. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ Π·Π°ΡΠΈΡΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ° ΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π° ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ 23 ΡΠ΅Π²ΡΠ°Π»Ρ ΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠ΅Ρ , ΠΊΡΠΎ ΡΠ»ΡΠΆΠΈΠ» Π² ΠΠΎΠΎΡΡΠΆΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΡ Π‘ΠΈΠ»Π°Ρ . Π ΡΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΊΡΡ ΡΠΏΠΎΡ Ρ ΠΎΠ½ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π»ΡΡ ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ Π‘ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΡΠΌΠΈΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΠΎΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎ-ΠΌΠΎΡΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π€Π»ΠΎΡΠ° ΠΈ ΡΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΠΈΠ²Π°Π» Π΄Π΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ Ρ Π½Π°ΡΡΡΠΏΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ Π³Π΅ΡΠΌΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π°ΡΠΌΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ Π² ΠΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΠΌΠΈΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠΉ Π²ΠΎΠΉΠ½Π΅.
3. ΠΡΠ³Π°Π½ΠΈΠ·Π°ΡΠΈΡ ΠΠ±ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ½Π΅Π½Π½ΡΡ ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΉ ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ²ΠΈΠ»Π° 8 ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠ° ΠΠ΅ΠΆΠ΄ΡΠ½Π°ΡΠΎΠ΄Π½ΡΠΌ ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠΌ Π΄Π½Π΅ΠΌ, ΡΡΠΎΠ±Ρ Π²ΠΎΠ·Π΄Π°ΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈ ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΡΠΈΠ½Π°ΠΌ ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΈΡ Π²ΠΊΠ»Π°Π΄ Π² ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½Ρ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π°.
4. ΠΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠ΅ Π΄Π²Π° Π΄Π½Ρ Π² ΠΌΠ°Π΅ – ΡΡΠΎ ΠΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΈΠΊ Π²Π΅ΡΠ½Ρ ΠΈ ΡΡΡΠ΄Π°, ΠΎΠ½ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π»ΡΡ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ Π² Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄Π°Ρ .
5. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠ±Π΅Π΄Ρ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ 9 ΠΌΠ°Ρ, ΡΡΠΎΠ±Ρ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ±Π΅Π΄Ρ Π½Π°Π΄ ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΡΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΠ΅ΡΠΌΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΠ°ΠΌΡΡΡ ΡΠ΅Ρ , ΠΊΡΠΎ ΠΏΠ°Π», ΡΡΠΎΠ±Ρ Π·Π°Π²ΠΎΠ΅Π²Π°ΡΡ ΡΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ±Π΅Π΄Ρ.
6. ΠΠ΅Π½Ρ Π½Π΅Π·Π°Π²ΠΈΡΠΈΠΌΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ 12 ΠΈΡΠ½Ρ; ΠΎΠ½ Π±ΡΠ» ΡΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ²Π»Π΅Π½ ΠΠΎΡΠΈΡΠΎΠΌ ΠΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠ½ΡΠΌ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ°Π» ΡΠΈΡΠΎΠΊΠΎ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΎΠ²Π°ΡΡΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΈ Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΅ΠΌΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΠ»Π°Π΄ΠΈΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅ ΠΡΡΠΈΠ½Π΅.
1. The Russian New Year is celebrated on January 1 – 5 or on January, 13 which was the first day of the year according to Julian calendar used in Russia before 1918.
2. Day of the Defenders of the Motherland is celebrated on February, 23 and honours those who are serving in the Armed Forces, during the Soviet era it was marked as the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy and marked the day of the first combat action against the occupying German army in World War I.
3. The United Nations declared March, 8 International Women’s Day to celebrate women and the accomplishments they have made to society.
4. The first two days of May are the holiday of Spring and Labour and are celebrated with huge parades in cities.
5. The Victory Day is celebrated on May, 9 to commemorate victory over Nazi Germany, remembering those who fell in order to achieve it.
6. Independence Day celebrated on June, 12 was established by Boris Yeltsin and made into a big celebration by his successor Vladimir Putin.
ΠΠ· ΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠ±ΠΈΡ “ΠΠΠ. ΠΠ½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΠ·ΡΠΊ. Π£ΡΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ” ΠΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ½Π° Π. Π. (2010, 272Ρ.) – Part two. Additional topics.