Упражнения на исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные (с ответами)

1. Распределите следующие существительные на две группы.

Paper – bottle – porridge – happiness – pencil – coffee – girl – work – job – plate – dog – meat – news – apricot – toothpaste – time – bedroom – money – magazine – information – honey – metal – child – yoghurt – rice – spaghetti – water – air – spoon – mustard – egg – chair – shampoo – raincoat – flower – flour – bread – soap – toy – food – knowledge – garden – oil – furniture – friend

Исчисляемые:

Неисчисляемые:

2. Составьте словосочетания с неисчисляемыми существительными, используя слова из первой и второй колонок. Возможны несколько вариантов. Переведите словосочетания.

Н-р: a bag of sugar – пакет сахара

A loaf cheese

A bottle toothpaste

A slice soup

A liter sardines

A glass bread

A bar lemonade

A jar meat

A kilo wine

A tube soap

A tin orange jam

A plate chocolate

3. Попросите у продавца в магазине следующие продукты, используя some с неисчисляемыми существительными и указанное количество предметов – с исчисляемыми.

Н-р: egg – milk (some – 20)

Can I have 20 eggs and some milk, please? (Можно мне 20 яиц и немного молока, пожалуйста?)

Sandwich – bread (some – 2) Rice – apple (some – 5) Butter – banana (some – 3) Coffee – bottle of lemonade (some – 4) Bar of chocolate – sugar (some – 1)

4. Поставьте How many? или How much?

… salt do you usually put in the soup? … cups of tea shall I bring? … films did you see? … friends has he got? … free time do we have? … juice is there in the fridge? … money did they spend? … tomatoes are there in the bag? … kilos of potatoes did you buy? … slices of cheese are left on the plate?

Ответы:

1.

Исчисляемые: bottle, pencil, girl, job, plate, dog, apricot, bedroom, magazine, child, spoon, egg, chair, raincoat, flower, toy, garden, friend

Неисчисляемые: paper, porridge, happiness, coffee, work, meat, news, toothpaste, time, money, information, honey, metal, yoghurt, rice, spaghetti, water, air, mustard, shampoo, flour, bread, soap, food, knowledge, oil, furniture

2.

A loaf of bread – буханка

A bottle of lemonade, a bottle of wine – бутылка

A slice of cheese, a slice of bread, a slice of meat – ломтик, кусочек

A liter of soup, a liter of lemonade, a liter of wine – литр

A glass of lemonade, a glass of wine – стакан, бокал

A bar of chocolate, a bar of soap – плитка, кусок

A jar of orange jam – банка апельсинового джема

A kilo of cheese, a kilo of meat – килограмм

A tube of toothpaste – тюбик

A tin of soup, a tin of sardines – банка

A plate of soup, a plate of sardines – тарелка

3.

Can I have 2 sandwiches and some bread, please? Can I have some rice and 5 apples, please? Can I have some butter and 3 bananas, please? Can I have some coffee and 4 bottles of lemonade, please? Can I have a bar of chocolate and some sugar, please?

4.

How much salt do you usually put in the soup? (Сколько соли ты обычно кладешь в суп?) How many cups of tea shall I bring? (Сколько чаше чая мне принести?) How many films did you see? (Сколько фильмов ты посмотрел?) How many friends has he got? (Сколько у него друзей?) How much free time do we have? (Сколько свободного времени у нас есть?) How much juice is there in the fridge? (Сколько сока в холодильнике?) How much money did they spend? (Сколько денег они потратили?) How many tomatoes are there in the bag? (Сколько помидоров в сумке?) How many kilos of potatoes did you buy? (Сколько килограммов картофеля ты купил?) How many slices of cheese are left on the plate? (Сколько ломтиков сыра осталось на тарелке?)