Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π₯ΡΠ΄ΠΎΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠ΅ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅ΠΈ ΠΠΎΠ½Π΄ΠΎΠ½Π° ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠ»Π»Π΅ΠΊΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΆΠΈΠ²ΠΎΠΏΠΈΡΠΈ, Ρ ΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠΈΡ ΡΡ Π² ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Π΅, ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Π΅ ΠΈ ΠΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Π΅ Π’Π΅ΠΉΡ, ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΠΈΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½Π½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ΅ΠΉΡΠ°Ρ Π² “Π’Π΅ΠΉΡ ΠΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΡ”. ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½Π°Ρ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Ρ Π±ΡΠ»Π° ΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΡΠ° 1839 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ, Π½ΠΎ Π΄Π°ΡΠΎΠΉ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΡ ΡΡΠΈΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ 1824 Π³ΠΎΠ΄, ΠΊΠΎΠ³Π΄Π° Π±ΡΠ»Π° ΠΏΡΠΈΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½Π° ΠΊΠΎΠ»Π»Π΅ΠΊΡΠΈΡ ΠΈΠ· 38 ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠ½ ΠΠ½Π³Π΅ΡΡΡΠ΅ΠΉΠ½Π°, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠ°Ρ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»ΡΠΆΠΈΠ»Π° ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠΉ Π΄Π»Ρ Π±ΡΠ΄ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅ΠΈ. ΠΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ Π³Π°Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Ρ Π’Π΅ΠΉΡ – Ρ ΡΠ΄ΠΎΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠΉ ΠΌΡΠ·Π΅ΠΉ Π² ΠΠΎΠ½Π΄ΠΎΠ½Π΅, ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΎΠ΅ ΠΊΡΡΠΏΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ Π² ΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅ ΡΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΡΠΊΡΡΡΡΠ²Π° Ρ 1500 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° Π΄ΠΎ Π½Π°ΡΠΈΡ Π΄Π½Π΅ΠΉ. Π‘Π΅ΠΉΡΠ°Ρ β ΡΡΠΎ ΡΠ°ΡΡΡ Π³ΡΡΠΏΠΏΡ ΠΌΡΠ·Π΅Π΅Π² Π’Π΅ΠΉΡ.
Speaking about art galleries of London we should first of all mention the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery and the Tate Gallery. I would like to tell you about the National Gallery and about the Tate Gallery.
The National Gallery houses one of the richest and most extensive collections of painting in the world. It stands to the north of Trafalgar Square. The gallery was designed by William Wilkins and built in 1834-1837. The collection covers all schools and periods of painting, but is especially famous for its examples of Rembrant and Rubens. The British schools are only moderately represented as national collections are shared with the Tate Gallery. The National Gallery was founded in 1824 when the government bought the collection of John Angerstein which included 38 paintings.
The Tate Gallery houses is the national collection of British painting from the 16th century to the present day. It is also the national gallery for modern art, including paintings and sculpture made in Britain, Europe, America and other countries. It was opened in 1897 as the National Gallery of British art. It owes its establishment to Suie Henritate who built the gallery and gave his own collection of 65 paintings.