Значение идиомы lay to

[lay to] {v.} 1. To give the blame or credit to; to name as cause.

He was unpopular and when he made money, it was laid to hisdishonesty, but when he lost money, it was laid to his stupidity.

Compare: LAY AT ONE’S DOOR. 2. To hold a ship or boat still againstthe wind.

The pirates decided to lay to that night and go ashore inthe morning.

Compare: LIE TO. 3. To exert oneself; to work hard.

He picked up a shovel and laid to with the rest of the gang.