Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π‘Π½ΠΎΡΠ±ΠΎΡΠ΄ΠΈΠ½Π³ ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΈΡ Π²Π°Ρ Ρ ΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ²Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ°Π·Π²ΠΈΡΠΈΡ ΡΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π·ΠΈΠΌΠ½Π΅Π³ΠΎ Π²ΠΈΠ΄Π° ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ°. Π‘Π΅ΠΉΡΠ°Ρ ΡΠΆΠ΅ ΡΡΡΠ΄Π½ΠΎ Π½Π°Π·Π²Π°ΡΡ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ, Π½ΠΎ ΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΡ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΡΠΈΡ ΡΡΠΎ ΠΊ Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π»Ρ 1920-Ρ Π³ΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ². Π ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΡΡΡΠΈΠ΅ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠΌΠ΅Π½Ρ Π²Π½ΠΎΡΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΡΠ²ΠΎΡ Π»Π΅ΠΏΡΡ Π² ΡΠ»ΡΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΎΠΉ “ΡΠ½Π΅ΠΆΠ½ΠΎΠΉ Π΄ΠΎΡΠΊΠΈ”. Π ΡΠ΅Π·ΡΠ»ΡΡΠ°ΡΠ΅, Ρ 1990 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΈ Π²ΡΠ΅ ΠΊΡΡΠΏΠ½ΡΠ΅ Π³ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ»ΡΠΆΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΠΊΡΡΠΎΡΡΡ Π‘Π΅Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΡ Π²Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈ ΡΠΏΠ΅ΡΠΈΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠΏΡΡΠΊΠΈ ΠΈΠΌΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎ Π΄Π»Ρ ΡΠ½ΠΎΡΠ±ΠΎΡΠ΄ΠΈΡΡΠΎΠ².
Snowboarding is the fastest growing winter sport and is set to become even more popular than skiing. It is hard to say who actually “invented” the first snowboard because it was influenced by many different people including Sherman Poppen, Demetrije Milovich, Tom Sims and Jake Burton Carpenter. Snowboarding’s roots, however, may be traced back to the early 1920’s. Then children in Vermont built what would now be considered makeshift snowboards out of barrel staves and rode them sideways down a snowy hill.
Later, there were some people, who built snowboard like sleds. One of them was M. J. “Jack” Burchett. He cut out a plank of plywood in 1929 and tried to secure his feet with some clothesline and horse reins. Burchett came up with on of the first “snowboards”.Another snowboard inventor is Sherman Poppen. In 1965 Poppen, a chemical gases engineer in Muskegon, Michigan, invented “The Snurfer” (a mix between the two words “snow” and “surfer”) as a toy for his daughter. He made the Snurfer by strapping two skis together and attaching a rope to the front tip of the snurfer, so the rider could hold it and keep it more stable. Many of his daughters friends wanted one of those new Snurfers, and soon Poppen lincensed his new idea to a manufacturer.
Short after that Jake Burton Carpenter (a today’s most popular snowboard factory “Burton Snowboards) used ski technology in snowboards. In 1977, at the age of 23, Jake Burton founded his own company in Londonderry, Vermont, and experimented continually with new materials and designs. Eventually, he was building a snowboard made of steam-bent wood and fiberglass, with high-back bindings and metal edges.
Another snowboard manufacturing pioneer is the former skateboard champion Tom Sims. Back in 1963, as an eighth-grader, Sims made a snowboard out of plywood in his shop class. He called it a “skiboard”. After years of improvements, he opened Sims Snowboards in 1977 and with the help of his friend and employee Chuck Barfoot started making snowboards. Barfoot, who actually made the snowboards, came up with the “Flying Yellow Banana”.
Snowboarding continued to increase in popularity over the next years but for a long time, snowboarders were seen as society’s outcasts. Ski resorts banned them and the upper-middle-class ski community looked down upon them. In 1985 snowboarding was only allowed in 7% of U. S. ski areas and story was much the same in Europe. As equipment and skill levels improved, though, snowboarding gradually became more acceptable. Most of the major ski areas had separate slopes for snowboarders by 1990. Now, about 97% of all ski areas in North America and Europe allow snowboarding and more than half of them have ramps and pipes. The number of snowboarders increased from about 2 million in 1990 to more than 7 million in 2000. It is predicted that the snowboarders will outnumber skiers by 2015.