Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π Π΅Π΄ΡΡΡΠ΄ ΠΠΈΠΏΠ»ΠΈΠ½Π³ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΠ²ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ, ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ° ΠΈ Π½ΠΎΠ²Π΅Π»Π»ΠΈΡΡΠ°. ΠΠ½ ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ Π² ΠΠΎΠΌΠ±Π΅Π΅, Π² ΠΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΠ½Π΄ΠΈΠΈ, Π² ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΡΠ° ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΊΠΎΠ»Ρ ΠΈΡΠΊΡΡΡΡΠ². ΠΠΌΡ Π Π΅Π΄ΡΡΡΠ΄ ΠΎΠ½ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠ», ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π°Π³Π°ΡΡ, Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΎΠ·Π΅ΡΠ° Π Π΅Π΄ΡΡΡΠ΄, Π³Π΄Π΅ ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΈΠ»ΠΈΡΡ ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ. Π Π°Π½Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ, ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠΊΠ·ΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΡ Π²ΠΈΠ΄ΠΎΠ² ΠΈ Π·Π²ΡΠΊΠΎΠ² ΠΠ½Π΄ΠΈΠΈ, Π±ΡΠ»ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠ»ΠΈΠ²ΡΠΌΠΈ Π΄Π»Ρ Π±ΡΠ΄ΡΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ. ΠΠ³ΠΎ Π»ΡΡΡΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅Π΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΡΠΈΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡ “ΠΠ½ΠΈΠ³Π° Π΄ΠΆΡΠ½Π³Π»Π΅ΠΉ, “ΠΠΈΠΌ” ΠΈ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ»Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠ΅ ΡΡΠΈΡ ΠΎΡΠ²ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ. Π 1907 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΠΈΠΏΠ»ΠΈΠ½Π³ ΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡΡΡ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠΌ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ½ΠΎΠΌ, ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠ²ΡΠΈΠΌ ΠΠΎΠ±Π΅Π»Π΅Π²ΡΠΊΡΡ ΠΏΡΠ΅ΠΌΠΈΡ ΠΏΠΎ Π»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΠ΅. ΠΠ»Ρ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅Π΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΠΉ ΠΠΈΠΏΠ»ΠΈΠ½Π³Π° Ρ Π°ΡΠ°ΠΊΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ Π±ΠΎΠ³Π°ΡΡΠΉ ΡΠ·ΡΠΊ, ΠΏΠΎΠ»Π½ΡΠΉ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡ. ΠΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ Π²Π½Π΅Ρ Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠΉ Π²ΠΊΠ»Π°Π΄ Π² ΡΠΎΠΊΡΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡΠ½ΠΈΡΡ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ°.
Rudyard Kipling is one of the outstanding British writers. He was born in 1865 in the family of an Englishman in India. He got his education in England but returned to India in 1882. There he spent 6 years working in colonial English press. There he published his first literary works. In 1890 he published his first novel “The Light that Failed”, which brought him fame. He was one of the most popular writers of his time. During his life he visited South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. “Plain Tales from the Plain Hills”, “Barrack Room Ballads”, “Naulakka” enjoyed great popularity.
During the years of Anglo-Boer War, Kipling used to visit the English Army. His novel “Kim” was written under the impressions of the War. In October 1902 his “Just so Stories for Little Children” were published. His fairy-tales from the book were rather unusual for the British literature of that period.
One can find the influence of Lewis Carroll’s “Alice in Wonderland” in Kipling’s work. But this influence didn’t prevent Kipling from creating absolutely new, unusual fairy-tales. The unusual effect of his tales is reached by the rhythm and the music of words. Those who were lucky to listen to Kipling’s reading his fairy-tales noted that they always sounded truthful. Besides, not only children but even adults were very fond of “Just so Stories”. Together with “The Jungle Book” it still enjoys great popularity. Every year the children in “Kipling Society” write continuation to his fairy tales. In 1907 Kipling was awarded the Nobel Prize.