Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π’ΠΠ΅Π½ΡΠΈ (Π‘ΠΈΠ΄Π½ΠΈ ΠΠΎΡΡΠ΅Ρ) ΠΎΠΏΠΈΡΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½Ρ ΠΈ ΡΠ²ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π°ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ, ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎΡΡ Π² 1862 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ. ΠΡΠΎ Π±ΡΠ» “ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Ρ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·Π°”. ΠΠ½ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°Π» Π²ΡΠ΅: ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·Ρ, Π°Π½Π΅ΠΊΠ΄ΠΎΡΡ, ΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΠΈ, ΠΏΡΠΈΠΊΠ»ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ, ΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΠΊΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈ. ΠΡ Π»Π΅Π³ΠΊΠΎ ΡΠΈΡΠ°ΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΈ Π²ΠΎ Π²ΡΠ΅Ρ β ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΉ Π½Π΅ΠΎΠΆΠΈΠ΄Π°Π½Π½ΡΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΠ½Π΅Ρ, ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΈ ΡΠ»Π°Π²ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ Π’ΠΠ΅Π½ΡΠΈ.
O’Henry’s real name was William Sydney Porter. He was born in Greensboro, a little town in North Carolina in 1862. O’Henry is one of the most widely published American authors. His works have been translated into nearly every language. He has been called “the American Maupassant” and is ranked among the world’s outstanding short-story writers. The best of these were published in books: “Cabbages and Kings”, “The Fourth Million”, “Heart of the West”, “The Voice of the City” and others. The works of O’Henry reflect a specific period in American literature – the turn of the centuries. O’Henry’s comments on society had a considerable force. His credo was – art should be true, democratic, it should address contemporary life and embrace all aspects of life. O’Henry was an outstanding humourist. He worked out and enriched all types of the short story: the anecdote, the adventure story, tales and sketches. He was very famous for his stories of city life. O’Henry wrote about 150 stories with New York background. O’Henry could work out a plot that would keep the reader in suspense up to the surprising end. He was a born writer of great talent. The conversation is witty, humorous, and often exact and precise. His works have considerable influence on American literature. His love for humanity, for the common people, his critical attitude towards in just attract readers to this day.