Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ° ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Ρ ΠΎ ΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ΅. ΠΠ°ΡΠΎΠ΄ ΠΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΠΈΠΈ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ°Π»Π΅Π½, Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΡ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΡ, ΡΠ°Π½ΡΠ΅Π²Π°ΡΡ ΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ½ΡΡΡ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΡ. ΠΡΡΠ° β ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ½ ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΡ Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΠΌΡΡ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΡ ΠΈΠ½ΡΡΡΡΠΌΠ΅Π½ΡΠΎΠ², Π° ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΌ Π·Π½Π°ΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡΡΠΌ Π°ΡΡΠΈΡΡΠΎΠΌ Π² 17-ΠΎΠΌ Π²Π΅ΠΊΠ΅ Π±ΡΠ» ΡΠ»Π΅ΠΏΠΎΠΉ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ°Π½Ρ Π’ΠΠ°ΡΠΎΠ»Π°Π½. ΠΠ΅ΡΠ²ΡΠ΅ Π½ΠΎΠΊΡΡΡΠ½Ρ Π±ΡΠ»ΠΈ Π½Π°ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°Π½Ρ ΡΠ°ΠΊΠΆΠ΅ ΠΈΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠ΅ΠΌ β ΠΠΆΠΎΠ½ΠΎΠΌ Π€ΠΈΠ»Π΄ΠΎΠΌ, ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΠΠ»Π΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½ΡΠΈ. ΠΡΠ΅ Π·Π½Π°ΡΡ ΡΠ²ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΠΈΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΎΠΊ-Π³ΡΡΠΏΠΏΡ U2. ΠΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΈΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΠΌΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠ°Π½ΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ»Π°Π²ΠΈΠ»ΠΈΡΡ Π½Π° Π²Π΅ΡΡ ΠΌΠΈΡ, Π° Π²Π΅Π΄Ρ Π½Π°ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Ρ – Π²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ 5 ΠΌΠΈΠ»Π»ΠΈΠΎΠ½ΠΎΠ² ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊ.
Ireland is strong and rich in music. The Irish people love to sing, to dance and to make music of all kinds. The harp has always been a very important musical instrument in Ireland. In the wars between the Irish and the English, it was like a national flag for the Irish. In the seventeenth century it became more than that. One very famous harper was O’Carolan. He was born in Westmeath in about 1670. When O’Carolan was about sixteen years old his eyes failed and he became blind. With the help of a kind, rich lady he learned to play the harp. He also wrote poetry and music for the harp. People have saved a lot of his music and harpers still play O’Carolan’s beautiful songs.
When they hear the word “nocturne”, people usually think of Chopin. Chopin’s nocturnes are famous but the first nocturnes came from an Irishman. He was John Field. He was a pupil in London of the great piano player, composer and teacher Clementi. He was one of the really great pianists. We can’t hear him today because there were no record of music in his time.
Ireland also has its great pop and rock musicians. A very successful group is U2. It started in Dublin in 1979. U2 is a rock group. It knows the young people of Ireland and the things that they feel and want. They speak for young Irish people but they are famous all over the world. Today there are many Irish musicians. A lot of them are internationally famous, and that is wonderful for a country with only five million people.