Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π‘ΠΏΠΎΡΡ ΠΈ Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠΉ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π· ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ β ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ, ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ Π²Π°ΠΆΠ½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΡΠΎΠ±Π»ΡΠ΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΏΡΠ°Π²ΠΈΠ» ΠΏΠΎΠ΄Π΄Π΅ΡΠΆΠ°Π½ΠΈΡ Π½Π°ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΡΡ Π² Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΠ½ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΠ΅Π΄Π°ΡΠΎΠΌ Π³ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΡΠΈΡΡΡ, ΡΡΠΎ Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ β “ΠΏΡΠ΅Π²ΡΡΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ” ΠΈ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΡΠΉ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊ Π² ΠΎΡΠ²Π΅ΡΠ΅ Π·Π° ΡΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠ΅ Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅. Π‘ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π½ΡΡ ΠΏΡΠ°Π²ΠΈΠ» Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·Π° ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ: ΡΠ΅Π³ΡΠ»ΡΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠΈΠ·ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΡΠΏΡΠ°ΠΆΠ½Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ, ΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎΡΡΡ Π² Π΅Π΄Π΅ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΈΡΡΠ΅, ΡΠ°Π·ΡΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΡΡΡΠ΄Π° ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠ΄ΡΡ Π°, Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΈΠΉ ΡΠΎΠ½, Π½Π΅ ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π΅Π΅ 7-8 ΡΠ°ΡΠΎΠ², ΠΈ Π³ΠΈΠ³ΠΈΠ΅Π½Π°. ΠΠΎ ΠΌΠ½Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ Π²ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅ΠΉ, Π·Π°Π½ΡΡΠΈΡ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΌ Π½Π΅ΠΎΠ±Ρ ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠΌΡΠΌ Π΄Π»Ρ Π΄ΠΎΠ»Π³ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈ Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ. ΠΡΠ΄ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎ ΡΠ°Π·Π½ΠΎΠΌΡ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡΡΡ ΠΊ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΡ, Π° ΡΠ΅, ΠΊΡΠΎ ΠΈΠΌ Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ, ΡΡΠ°Π²ΡΡ Π²ΠΎ Π³Π»Π°Π²Ρ ΡΠ³Π»Π° ΡΠ°Π·Π½ΡΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΈΠ½Ρ: Π°ΠΊΡΠΈΠ²Π½ΡΠΉ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π· ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ, Π»ΡΡΡΠ°Ρ ΡΠΈΠ·ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ ΡΠΎΡΠΌΠ° ΠΈ Π²Π½Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡ, ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΡΠΈΠΏΠ»ΠΈΠ½Π°, ΡΠ΅Π»Π°ΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠΈΡ, ΠΈΠ·Π±Π°Π²Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΎΡ Π°Π³ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠ°Π½Π΄Π½ΡΠΉ Π΄ΡΡ . Π ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄Π½Π΅Π΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ²ΠΈΠ»ΠΎΡΡ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ±Π»Π΅ΠΌ Π² ΡΡΠ΅Π΄Π΅ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΡ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΎΠ²: ΠΏΡΠΈΠΌΠ΅Π½Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ Π΄ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠ½Π³Π°, Π²ΡΡΠΎΠΊΠ°Ρ ΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡ ΡΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΈ Π°Π»ΡΠΏΠΈΠ½ΠΈΡΡΠΎΠ² ΠΈ Π΄Π΅Π»ΡΡΠ°ΠΏΠ»Π°Π½Π΅ΡΠΈΡΡΠΎΠ², Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠ΅ ΠΊΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΡΡΠ°Π²ΠΌ Ρ ΡΡΡΠ±ΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΡΠΎΠ² ΠΈ Ρ. Π΄. ΠΠΎ Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡ Π±ΡΠ΄Π΅Ρ ΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠ²Π°ΡΡ, ΠΏΠΎΠΊΠ° ΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΡΡΡ ΡΠ°ΠΊ Π½Π°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅ΠΌΡΠ΅ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΈΠ²Π½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ°Π½Π°ΡΡ, Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ Π½Π° Π²ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈ ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΈΡ ΠΊΡΠΌΠΈΡΠΎΠ². ΠΠΎΡΠ°Π·Π΄ΠΎ Π±Π»Π°Π³ΠΎΠΏΡΠΈΡΡΠ½Π΅Π΅ ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠΎΡΡ Π΄Π΅Π»Π° Ρ ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ½ΡΡ Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΉ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ°, Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠΈΡ ΡΡ Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΠΌΡΠΌΠΈ Π²ΠΈΠ΄Π°ΠΌΠΈ (Π²ΠΎΠ»Π΅ΠΉΠ±ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΌ, Π±Π°ΡΠΊΠ΅ΡΠ±ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΌ, Π½Π°ΡΡΠΎΠ»ΡΠ½ΡΠΌ ΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΈΡΠΎΠΌ, Ρ ΠΎΠΊΠΊΠ΅Π΅ΠΌ, Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠΌ ΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΈΡΠΎΠΌ) Π² ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ±ΠΎΠ΄Π½ΠΎΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ. ΠΠ½ΠΎΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ Π»ΡΠ΄Π΅ΠΉ Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΡ Π»Π΅Π³ΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π°ΡΠ»Π΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΉ, Π²Π΅Π»ΠΎΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΌ, Π±ΠΎΠΊΡΠΎΠΌ, Π±ΠΎΡΡΠ±ΠΎΠΉ, Π³ΠΈΠΌΠ½Π°ΡΡΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΉ. Π₯ΠΎΠΊΠΊΠ΅ΠΉ, ΡΠΈΠ³ΡΡΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΊΠ°ΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅, ΠΊΠ°ΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π½Π° Π»ΡΠΆΠ°Ρ ΠΈ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ – ΠΎΠ΄Π½ΠΈ ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠΏΡΠ»ΡΡΠ½ΡΡ Π·ΠΈΠΌΠ½ΠΈΡ Π²ΠΈΠ΄ΠΎΠ² ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ°. ΠΠ»Π°Π²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΊΡΡΠ³Π»ΡΠΉ Π³ΠΎΠ΄ Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΡ ΠΌΠΈΠ»Π»ΠΈΠΎΠ½Ρ Π»ΡΠ΄Π΅ΠΉ. Π Π½Π°ΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π΅ ΡΠΎΠ·Π΄Π°Π½Ρ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Ρ Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ΅ ΡΡΠ»ΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡ Π΄Π»Ρ ΠΌΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ΄Π΅ΠΆΠΈ: Π² ΡΠΊΠΎΠ»Π°Ρ , ΠΊΠΎΠ»Π»Π΅Π΄ΠΆΠ°Ρ , ΠΈΠ½ΡΡΠΈΡΡΡΠ°Ρ ΠΈ ΡΠ½ΠΈΠ²Π΅ΡΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠ°Ρ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΡΠΉ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΉΡΡ ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ΅Ρ Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΡ Π»ΡΠ±ΠΈΠΌΡΠΌ Π²ΠΈΠ΄ΠΎΠΌ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ°. Π‘ΠΏΠΎΡΡ – ΡΡΠΎ ΡΠ°ΡΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅Π΄Π½Π΅Π²Π½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΡ Π»ΡΠ΄Π΅ΠΉ Π²ΠΎ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅. ΠΡΠ»ΠΈ Π²Ρ ΡΡΠΈΡΠ°Π΅ΡΠ΅, ΡΡΠΎ ΡΠΈΠ·ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ ΠΊΡΠ»ΡΡΡΡΠ° ΠΈ Π·Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ Π²Π°ΠΆΠ½Ρ, Π²Π°ΠΌ ΡΡΠΎΠΈΡ Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΡ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΌ.
They say, “Health is above wealth.” One of the first duties we owe to ourselves is to keep our bodies in perfect health. If your body suffers from any disorder, our mind suffers with it, and we are unable to make much progress in knowledge, and we are unfit to perform those duties, which are required of us in social life.
There are certain laws of health which deserve particular attention and they are so simple that even a child can learn them. A certain amount of exercise is necessary to keep the body in perfect condition. All the powers (mental and bodily) we possess are strengthened by use and weakened by disuse. Moderation in eating and drinking, reasonable hours of labour and study, enough sleeping time (not less than 7-8 hours a day), regularity in exercise, recreation and rest, cleanliness lay the foundations for health and long healthy happy life.
Thousands of people consider sports to be very helpful in gaining good health. That’s why every country pays much attention to developing sports. It is sport that helps to bring up physically strong, strong-willed, courageous and energetic people.
In the last ten years recreational sport has become extremely popular, and, according to doctors is absolutely essential for a long and healthy life.
The reasons of this enormous interest in sport of all kinds are varied. When you ask people why they spend so much time, effort, and sometimes money, they will talk about the physical benefits (feeling fit, increasing stamina, sleeping better, the chance of living a more active life), psychological benefits (self-discipline and respect, a sense of personal achievement, relaxation, getting rid of aggression), and the social advantages (meeting people with similar interests, the team spirit). However, the social aspect seems to be more important for men than for women. Very often, enjoying a drink with friends after the match is as important for the former as a physical activity itself. The latter generally see sport as a way of keeping fit rather than anything else.
Of course, some people don’t consider sport to be a hobby; it is an everyday work for them. Much is spoken now about problems in professional sport. There is a lot drug taking in sport. There is too much pressure on young sports people. Mountaineering and air sports such as hang-gliding, each kill at least 16 people every year. In one Sports Council study of 28,000 people, football was found responsible for more than a quarter of 2,000 injuries seen every year. But still many people are involved in professional sport and millions of people can not live without it. They prefer watching sporting events rather than taking part in them. They are so-called sport-fans. They pack stadiums during sport matches and competitions, they sit glued to the TV, and they are ready to give every moral support to their favourite sportsmen or teams.
In the meantime thousands of ordinary people devote their spare time to going in for sports. They play indoor and outdoor games: volleyball, basketball, table tennis, hockey, lawn tennis. The number of participants and spectators show that the most popular games are basketball, hockey and, of course, football. A lot of people go in for track-and-field athletics, cycling, boxing, wrestling, gymnastics and so on.
Hockey, figure skating, skiing and skating are among the most popular winter sports. In summer swimming is enjoyed by millions of people. There are also many indoor swimming pools, which makes swimming possible all the year round. Cycling is a useful exercise, too, because it takes you out into the fresh air and gives much work to all the muscles. So if you arrange your day correctly you can find an opportunity for sports.
Physical training is an essential part of young people’s development. All pupils and students have regular training at PT lessons. These classes are enjoyed by everybody as they give a lot of energy, develop muscles, make pupils strong, quick and healthy. From time to time different kinds of competitions are organized at school or between schools. The most popular sports at school are basketball, football and volleyball. Besides, pupils and students attend a lot of sports clubs and sports sections after classes, where they take up their favourite kind of sport.
Indeed, sport is a part of everyday life of many generations all over the world. So if you think that physical fitness and health are important, you are to go in for sports.