Π ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΠ°ΡΠΊΠ° ΠΈ ΡΠ΅Ρ Π½ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠΈ Ρ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Ρ ΠΎ Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΎΠ»ΠΈ Π½Π°ΡΡΠ½ΡΡ Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΉ ΠΈ Π½ΠΎΠ²ΡΡ ΡΠ΅Ρ Π½ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠΉ Π² ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ ΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ°. ΠΡΠ΄Π°ΡΡΠΈΡ ΡΡ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΉ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ, Π½Π°ΠΏΡΠΈΠΌΠ΅Ρ, ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅Π²ΠΈΠ΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΈ ΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΠΎ, Π½ΠΎ Π·Π΄Π΅ΡΡ Ρ Ρ ΠΎΡΡ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·Π°ΡΡ ΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅. Π‘ΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΡΡΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π΅Π½ Π²ΡΠΏΠΎΠ»Π½ΡΡΡ ΡΠ°Π·Π»ΠΈΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ Π·Π°Π΄Π°ΡΠΈ, Π½ΠΎ ΡΠ°Π±ΠΎΡΠ° Π½Π° Π½Π΅ΠΌ ΡΡΠ΅Π±ΡΠ΅Ρ ΠΎΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅Π½Π½ΡΡ Π½Π°Π²ΡΠΊΠΎΠ². ΠΠΎΠΌΠΏΡΡΡΠ΅Ρ Π΄Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠ΅ΠΈΠΌΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ² ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·ΠΎΠ²Π°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ ΠΈ Π²ΡΠ΅ ΠΈΡ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΠ»ΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠΎ Π½Π΅Π²ΠΎΠ·ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΎ. ΠΠΎΠΌΠΏΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΡ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠ²Π»Π΅Π½Ρ Π² Π±Π°Π½ΠΊΠ°Ρ , ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΡΠΎΠ½Π½ΡΡ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΡΡ , ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΠΎΡΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΡ ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΈΡΡ , Π² ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠΈΠΈ, Π² Π»Π°Π±ΠΎΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΠΈΡΡ ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡ ΠΈ Π²ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π±Π½ΡΡ ΠΊΠ°Π±ΠΈΠ½Π΅ΡΠ°Ρ . ΠΠΎ Ρ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠΎΠ² Π΅ΡΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΎΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠ΅ Π½Π΅Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠ°ΡΠΊΠΈ: ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·ΠΎΠ²Π°ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ, ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎ, Π΄Π΅ΡΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΠ΄ΡΠΎΡΡΠΊΠΈ, ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡ ΡΠ»ΠΈΡΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΈ Ρ ΠΌΠΎΠ½ΠΈΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ². ΠΠΈΡΠ½ΠΎ Ρ ΠΈΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·ΡΡ ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΡΡΡΠ΅Ρ Π΄Π»Ρ ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΎΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΈ Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠ³Π°. Π― Π·Π½Π°Ρ, ΡΡΠΎ Π½Π°ΡΠΊΠ° Π΅ΡΠ΅ Π½Π΅ ΠΎΡΠ²Π΅ΡΠΈΠ»Π° Π½Π° Π²ΡΠ΅ Π²ΠΎΠΏΡΠΎΡΡ ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡ , ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΌΡ, ΡΡΠ°Π² Π²Π·ΡΠΎΡΠ»ΡΠΌ, Ρ Ρ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π» Π±Ρ ΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΈΡΡΡΡ Π½Π° ΠΏΡΠΎΠ±Π»Π΅ΠΌΠ΅, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ΄Π»ΠΈΡΡ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½Ρ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ° ΠΈ ΡΠ΄Π΅Π»Π°ΡΡ Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠ»ΠΈΠ²Π΅Π΅.
We live in the fascinating and challenging world of science. It is a world that more and more over the ages, and especially in the 20th century has come to affect so much of our lives. It is involved with the way we travel, the homes we live in and the clothes we wear, how we become ill and how medicine can make us better, and has given us fantastic means of communicating and exploring.
The list of the inventions is rather long. We are on-lookers of great scientific achievements such as television and a computer. We can’t imagine our life withought a notebook or a radio. I’d like to speak in details about computers.
What is a computer?
A computer is an electronic device that stores information and allows changes in it through the use of instructions. A modern computer is capable of doing various tasks, like word processing and accounting. Personal computers are widely used but working on them requires some techniques.
A computer gives a lot of advantages to a user. The list of the advantages is rather long: computers give us access to the Internet – an international computer network. You can spread a lot of your free time surfing the Internet and get all sorts of information from it. You can enter the chat room with other Internet users and debate urgent problems on line. If you are connectable by e-mail, you can correspond with your own web page and place there information about yourself.
Today computers help people to do many things. Bankers use them to keep track of money. Telephone operators use them to put calls through. Without computers, weather forecasters would make more mistakes. Computers also help scientists to solve their problems. More than that computers help police to keep order in shops. Computers also help doctors to treat patients. Computers allow users to spend their free time and relax. But computers have some disadvantages. Computers can make people lazy. People waste their time when they play different games on a computer. People forget to go to the libraries, they often find information on the Internet. Wicked games can make people, especially children, aggressive and stupid.
But in my view they have more advantages, that disadvantages. It’s an open secret that the computer is a source of education, entertainment and communication. And in my life the computer plays a very important role. It helps me to find information and relax.
Though scientists have achieved so much, scientific minds are still working at some urgent problems. I would like to mention some problems. One of them is finding and using alternative sources of energy. Scientists are also learning how to save and conserve energy. They have many problems with creating highly effective systems of communication. I can’t but mention one of the main problems. It is development of life on the planet.
I’d like to focus on the problem how to make our life longer and happier. It’s a well-known fact that nowadays people have a lot of artificial parts or implants inside them. There are some people who have problems with their health, especially with their hearts. And surgeons operate them on and put on implant inside them. Surgeons think that within 50 years one person in ten will have at least one artificial part inside.
Because science will be around us even more in the future, I think we-tomorrows adults must start learning today to be ready to take our places in this computerized, transistorized, antibiotic, nuclear and supersonic age!