Π ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ΅ Π ΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΡΡ ΡΡΠ°Π²Π½Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΉ, ΠΏΡΠΈΡΡΡΠΈΡ Π±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΡΠ°ΠΌ ΠΈ ΡΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΠΌ. ΠΠ»Π°Π²Π½ΠΎΠ΅, ΡΡΠΎ Π²ΡΠ΄Π΅Π»ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΡ Π»ΡΠ΄Π΅ΠΉ β ΠΈΡ ΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΡΡΠ΅ ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΄ΡΠ° ΠΈ Π³ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΠΏΡΠΈΠΈΠΌΡΡΠ²ΠΎ, ΠΈΡ Π·ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ ΡΡΠΊΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΡΡΠ΄ΠΎΠ»ΡΠ±ΠΈΠ΅, ΠΈΡ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΏΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠ²ΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΈ Π²Π΅ΡΠ° Π² Π»ΡΡΡΠ΅Π΅. Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΡ ΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΠ»Π° ΠΌΠΈΡΡ ΡΡΡΡΡΠΈ ΠΈΠΌΠ΅Π½ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠΈΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅ΡΡΠ½ΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΎΠ², ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΉ, ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΠΎΠ·ΠΈΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ² ΠΈ ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡ . ΠΠ°ΡΠ° ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π° ΡΠ»Π°Π²ΠΈΡΡΡ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ»Π°ΠΌΠΈ: ΠΏΠ°Π»Π΅Ρ ΡΠΊΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΡΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠ»ΠΊΠ°ΠΌΠΈ, ΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΠ½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΠΏΠ»Π°ΡΠΊΠ°ΠΌΠΈ ΠΠ°Π²Π»ΠΎΠ²Π° ΠΠΎΡΠ°Π΄Π°, Π΄ΡΠΌΠΊΠΎΠ²ΡΠΊΠΈΠΌΠΈ Π³Π»ΠΈΠ½ΡΠ½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΠΈΠ³ΡΡΡΠΊΠ°ΠΌΠΈ, Π²ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ³ΠΎΠ΄ΡΠΊΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΠΊΡΡΠΆΠ΅Π²Π°ΠΌΠΈ, Ρ ΠΎΡ Π»ΠΎΠΌΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΎΡΠΏΠΈΡΡΡ ΠΈ Π³ΠΆΠ΅Π»ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΠ΅ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΉ. Π‘Π΅ΠΉΡΠ°Ρ Π²ΡΠ΅ ΡΡΠΈ ΡΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ»Π° Π²ΠΎΠ·ΡΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π°ΡΡΡΡ, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΈΡΠΊΡΡΡΡΠ²ΠΎ 100 ΠΌΠ°Π»ΡΡ Π½Π°ΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ², Π½Π°ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΡΡΠΈΡ Π½Π΅ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΡ Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΈ. ΠΠΎ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π΅ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΡΡΡΡΡ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠ½Π½ΡΠ΅ ΡΡΡΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΈΠΊΠΈ, Π²ΠΎΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π°Π²Π»ΠΈΠ²Π°ΡΡΡΡ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠ²ΠΈ ΠΈ Ρ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡ.
Almost every nation and country has a reputation of some kind. The Englishmen are reputed to be cold, reserved, easy-going and fond of sport. They are the nation of stay-at-homes. “There is no place like home”, they say. The English man’s home is his castle is a saying known all over the world. They prefer a small house built for one family, with a small garden and a fire in the centre of the house. They like animals very much and follow the traditions concerning food and meals. We know much about English traditions and customs but now I’d like to say a few words about the traditions of my native land – Russia.
To my mind, the main traits of their characters which differ them from other people are hospitality, their “open heart”, “golden hands”, wise Russian fairytales reflect this wisdom. Our people are hardworking, patient, never loosing hope for better life. The Russians are the talented nation. Russia gave the world beautiful names of Pushkin and Lermontov, Chaikovsky and Repin, thousands of names of world famous poets, writers, composers, scientists. All of them are the pride of the nation because they quintessence of the beauty of our nature and people.
Besides these great names in literature and music, our country is famous for Russian traditional specific crafts and its skilled craftsmen. Painted boxes of Palekh, coloured shawls of Pavlov Posad, clay toys of Dymkovo, laces of Vologda are known all over the world. The names of Gzhel and Khokhloma are considered to be the symbols of Russia as well as matryoshkas and samovars. The history of Khokhloma goes back into the 17th century. Producing of tableware-dishes, spoons, mugs was begun at that time in the villages of Suomino and Khokhloma in the Nizhniy Novgorod Province, on the banks of the great Russian river Volga. Many carpenters, painters have been working since then reviving traditions of old masters. The Khokhloma style is characterized by using plant elements in painting the tableware. The prevailing colours are black, yellow, golden, green and red. And nowadays this craft is sure to be saved, it will be developed and brought into the future by the new generation of painters.
The reviving of old crafts is connected with the reviving of the traditional arts of all peoples inhabiting our big country. There are 100 of them. They revive their culture, costumes, dances and language. It is the revival of our souls. Now we celebrate the forgotten holidays – Troisa, Maslenitsa, Easter. We again sing Russian folk songs and chastushki, dance Barinya and perform khorovods, ride in troikas.
Traditional Russian cooking is world-famous for such dishes as okroshka, shi, pelmeny, kurnik, kvas.
We begin to build and reconstruct churches as well. The example of it is the building of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. It is the symbol of reviving of human feelings, national pride and patriotism.