Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΠ°Π±Ρ Π² ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎΠ± ΠΎΠ΄Π½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈΠ· Π΄ΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΏΡΠΈΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΠ½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΠ°ΠΆΠ΅ Π² ΠΌΠ°Π»Π΅Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΌ Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΊΠ΅ ΠΏΠ°Π±ΠΎΠ² Π½Π΅ ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π΅Π΅ ΡΠΎΡΠ½ΠΈ, ΠΈ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΡΠΉ ΡΠΎΡ ΡΠ°Π½ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠΎΠ»ΡΠΊΠΎ Π΅ΠΌΡ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΡΡΠΈΠΉ ΡΡΠΈΠ»Ρ. ΠΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠ΅ Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΡΠ°Π½Π΅ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡ ΠΏΠ°Π±Ρ, Π½Π°Ρ ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡΠΈΠ΅ΡΡ Π±Π»ΠΈΠ·ΠΊΠΎ ΠΎΡ Π΄ΠΎΠΌΠ° ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΠΎΡ ΡΠ°Π±ΠΎΡΡ, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠΎ Π²ΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠΈ Ρ Π΄ΡΡΠ·ΡΡΠΌΠΈ, ΠΈΠ·-Π·Π° Π½Π°Π»ΠΈΡΠΈΡ ΠΎΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠΎΡΡΠ° Π±ΠΎΡΠΊΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ»Ρ, ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ Π΄Π»Ρ ΠΈΠ³ΡΡ Π² Π΄Π°ΡΡΡ, Π±ΠΈΠ»ΡΡΡΠ΄ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΠΊΠΈΠΊΠ΅Ρ. ΠΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΠ°ΠΌ ΡΡΠ°Π·Ρ ΡΡΡΠ΄Π½ΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΠ½ΡΡΡ ΡΡΡΡ ΠΏΠ°Π±ΠΎΠ², Π½ΠΎ Π΅ΡΠ»ΠΈ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊ Π½Π΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠ»ΡΠΊΠΎ ΡΠ°Π· Π·Π°ΡΠ΅Π» Π² ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ½ ΠΈ ΡΠΎΡ ΠΆΠ΅ ΠΏΠ°Π±, ΡΠΎ ΠΎΠ½ ΡΠΆΠ΅ “Π·Π°Π²ΡΠ΅Π³Π΄Π°ΡΠ°ΠΉ”, ΠΈ Ρ ΠΎΠ·ΡΠ΅Π²Π° ΠΏΡΠΈΠ²Π΅ΡΡΡΠ²ΡΡΡ Π³ΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΎΠ³ΠΎ. ΠΡΠ»ΠΈΡΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΡ Π±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΠ°Π±Π° β Π·Π΄Π΅ΡΡ, Π·Π° ΠΊΡΡΠΆΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ»Ρ, Π·Π°ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠΎ ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΎ Π·Π°Π²ΡΠ·Π°ΡΡ ΡΠ°Π·Π³ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΡ Ρ Π½Π΅Π·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΡΠΌ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠΎΠΌ. ΠΠΎ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΈ, Π΅Π΄Π° Π·Π΄Π΅ΡΡ Π΄ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ»ΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠ°: “ΡΠΈΡ-ΡΠ½Π΄-ΡΠΈΠΏΡ”- ΡΡΠ±Π½ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΠΈΠ»Π΅ Π² ΠΊΠ»ΡΡΠ΅ Ρ ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠΎΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠΈ, “Π·Π°Π²ΡΡΠ°ΠΊ ΠΏΠ°Ρ Π°ΡΡ” – Π±Π»ΡΠ΄ΠΎ ΠΈΠ· ΡΡΡΠ° ΠΈ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠ½ΡΡ ΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠΉ Ρ ΠΎΠ³ΡΠΎΠΌΠ½ΡΠΌ Π»ΠΎΠΌΡΠ΅ΠΌ Ρ Π»Π΅Π±Π°, “ΠΏΠ°ΡΡΡΡΠΈΠΉ ΠΏΠΈΡΠΎΠ³” – ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠΎΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΉ ΠΏΡΠ΄ΠΈΠ½Π³ Ρ Π±Π°ΡΠ°Π½ΡΠΈΠΌ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΈ Π·Π°ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½Π½Π°Ρ Ρ ΠΌΠ°ΡΠ»ΠΎΠΌ ΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΈΠΏΡΠ°Π²Π°ΠΌΠΈ “ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠΎΡΠΊΠ° Π² ΠΌΡΠ½Π΄ΠΈΡΠ΅”.
Pubs can be found in every town or village. Social life for many people centred on the pub for many years. Opening and closing times are decided by law. Pubs in England and Wales close at 11 p. m. And ten minutes before closing time, the barman shouts, “Last orders!” When you go into a pub you have to go to the bar, pay for your drink and carry it to your seat. One of the main attractions of the pub for all regular pub goes is that it offers good company in friendly surroundings. Where else can you appear as a complete stranger and at once be able to join a conversation with a group of people?
People often meet at a pub before going on to another place. Some people do a tour of all the pubs in one area and have a drink in each one. It’s usual for each person in a group to take it in turns to buy drinks for everyone and this is called a “round”.
Pub meals have become very popular over the past ten years and are generally cheap and often good. Pubs with gardens or chairs and tables outside are often crowded in the summer. Pubs also provide entertainment: live music, singing, video and karaoke machines.
Pubs are still a central part of British culture. Good conversation and good beer are two essential items provided by them. The drinking beer in a public house is not compulsory. But it’s said that beer is the perfect drink for the pub – it comes in large measures so that just one drink provides plenty of conversation time.