Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΠ°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠΌΠ±Π»Π΅ΠΌΡ ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ β ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΈΡ Π²Π°Ρ Ρ ΡΠΌΠ±Π»Π΅ΠΌΠ°ΠΌΠΈ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½, Π²Ρ ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡΠΈΡ Π² ΡΠΎΡΡΠ°Π² ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΡΠ°ΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΡΠΎΠ·Π° ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΌ ΠΠ½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΡΠΎΡ ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ» ΠΎΡΡ ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡ ΠΊ 15-ΠΌΡ Π²Π΅ΠΊΡ, ΠΊ Π²ΠΎΠΉΠ½Π΅ ΠΠ»ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈ ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΎΠ·Ρ. Π£ΠΆΠ΅ ΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π²Π΅ΠΊΠΎΠ² ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΡ ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΠΎΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π½Π°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΌΠ±Π»Π΅ΠΌΠΎΠΉ, Π° Π£ΡΠ»ΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠ» Π² ΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅ Π½Π°ΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ»Π° Π»ΡΠΊ-ΠΏΠΎΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΈ, ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ°Π² ΡΡΠΎΡ ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ, Π²Ρ ΡΠ·Π½Π°Π΅ΡΠ΅, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΡΡΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΈΠ·ΠΎΡΠ»ΠΎ. Π’ΡΠΈΠ»ΠΈΡΡΠ½ΠΈΠΊ β ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ» Π‘Π΅Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΠ½ ΡΠ²ΡΠ·Π°Π½ ΡΠΎ Π‘Π²ΡΡΡΠΌ ΠΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌ, ΡΠ²ΡΡΡΠΌ ΠΏΠΎΠΊΡΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΌ ΠΡΠ»Π°Π½Π΄ΠΈΠΈ. Π Π°ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π±Π΅Π»ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΊΠ»Π΅Π²Π΅ΡΠ° ΠΈΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π»ΠΎΡΡ ΡΠ²ΡΡΡΠΌ ΠΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌ Π΄Π»Ρ ΠΈΠ»Π»ΡΡΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈ Π΄ΠΎΠ³ΠΌΠ°ΡΠ° Π‘Π²ΡΡΠΎΠΉ Π’ΡΠΎΠΈΡΡ.
The red rose was the emblem of Lancastrians, the white rose that of the Yorkists, the two Houses fighting for the English throne in the War of Roses. But their struggle ended by marriage of Henry VII, the Lancastrian with Princess Elizabeth, the Yorkist. The red rose has since become the emblem of England. The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland. It happened in very old times when Norsemen wanted to settle in this country. They came close to the Scots’ camps in the night and wanted to kill them in their sleep. That’s why they took off their shoes so as to make no noise. But one of the Norsemen stepped on a thistle and screamed. The Scots woke up and put the enemy to flight. The leek is the emblem of Wales. Welshmen all over the world celebrate their national holiday St David’s Day by wearing leeks. They do it because they believe St David have lived for several years on bread and wild leeks. Irishmen wear their national emblem on St Patrick’s Day. It’s a small white clover with three leaves on the stem. It is called a shamrock.