Π ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΠΆΠΈΠ²ΠΎΠΏΠΈΡΡ Ρ Ρ ΠΎΡΡ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·Π°ΡΡ ΠΎ ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΌ ΠΆΠ°Π½ΡΠ΅ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·ΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΡΠΊΡΡΡΡΠ²Π°, ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΡ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π²ΠΈΠ·ΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΡ Ρ Π°ΡΠ°ΠΊΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠΊ ΠΌΠΎΠ΄Π΅Π»ΠΈ. ΠΠ° ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ Π²Π½Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΈΠΉ ΠΎΠ±Π»ΠΈΠΊ, Π° ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π· Π½Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΈ Π²Π½ΡΡΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΈΠΉ ΠΌΠΈΡ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΠΊΡΠ΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ, ΡΠ΅Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎ ΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΡΡΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ°. ΠΠ»Π°Π²Π½Π°Ρ Π·Π°Π΄Π°ΡΠ° Ρ ΡΠ΄ΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ°-ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΡΠ° β Π΄ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΡΡΡΡ Π½Π΅ ΡΠΎΠ»ΡΠΊΠΎ ΠΌΠ°ΠΊΡΠΈΠΌΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π²Π½Π΅ΡΠ½Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΡ ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡΠ²Π° ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ° Ρ ΠΎΡΠΈΠ³ΠΈΠ½Π°Π»ΠΎΠΌ, Π½ΠΎ ΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π΄Π°ΡΡ ΠΈΠ½Π΄ΠΈΠ²ΠΈΠ΄ΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Ρ Π°ΡΠ°ΠΊΡΠ΅ΡΠ°, ΡΠΎΠ·Π΄Π°ΡΡ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·, ΡΠΈΠΏΠΈΡΠ½ΡΠΉ Π΄Π»Ρ ΡΠΎΠΉ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΠΈΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΏΠΎΡ ΠΈ. Π ΡΡΠΎΠΌ ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ΅ Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠ»Ρ Π²Π°Ρ Ρ Π²ΠΈΠ΄Π°ΠΌΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠΎΠ² ΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°ΠΆΡ ΠΎ ΡΡΠ΅Ρ Π·Π°ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΡΡ Ρ ΡΠ΄ΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ°Ρ Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΈ, ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠΈ: ΠΠ°Π»Π΅Π½ΡΠΈΠ½Π΅ Π‘Π΅ΡΠΎΠ²Π΅, Π£ΠΈΠ»ΡΡΠΌΠ΅ Π₯ΠΎΠ³Π°ΡΡΠ΅ ΠΈ ΠΡΡΠΈ ΠΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΡ. Π₯ΠΎΡΡ ΠΎΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΡ, ΡΡΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅Ρ – ΡΡΠΎ ΡΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΉ ΠΆΠ°Π½Ρ, ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π²ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΡΠΈΠΉ Π½Π΅ ΡΠΎΠ»ΡΠΊΠΎ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡΡ Π²Π½Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΈΠΉ Π²ΠΈΠ΄ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ°Π΅ΠΌΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠ°, Π½ΠΎ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ²ΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠ²Π°ΡΡ Π΅Π³ΠΎ Π½Π°ΡΡΡΠΎΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅, ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΠΈΡΡ Π½Π΅ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Π΅Π³ΠΎ Ρ Π°ΡΠ°ΠΊΡΠ΅ΡΠ° Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠΌΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΠΎΠΉ Π΄Π΅ΡΠ°Π»ΠΈ, Π½Π°ΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ²Π°Π½Π½ΠΎΠΉ Ρ ΡΠ΄ΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌ.
The topic presented to you today is entitled “Portrait Painting”. In my speech I am to dwell upon the following points:
– Firstly, I am to give the definition of portrait painting;
– Secondly, I would like to name kinds of portraits;
– Thirdly, I would like to speak about one of the most outstanding portraitists of Russia β Valentin Serov;
– Then, I am to give some information about British artist William Hogarth;
– After that, I would like to speak about an American portraitist Mary Cassat;
– Finally, I am to draw a conclusion expressing my opinion.
By way of introduction, I would like to say that there are a lot of different genres of paintings, all of which reflect different aspects of our life as well the inner world of the painter in the manner specific only to him. Thus, some impress our imagination with charming beauty of nature, others amaze us with realistic scenes of our daily life; some find inspiration in the beauty of human body, others in the wildness and stillness of the sea.
Portrait painting obviously stands out in this list. Portrait painting is a genre where the visual appearance of the subject, most often a person, is depicted. There are several kinds of portraits: if an artist portrays himself the result is called a self-portrait: portraits can also be full-body, half-length or head and shoulders, family or group, ceremonial or intimate. However no matter what kind of portrait an artist paints, it should always convey something more than just appearance, it should contain some specific features, some tiny details that make a person portrayed unique and inimitable. The expression of the eyes, a barely noticeable shade of emotion β everything should be reflected by the painter. Such mastery can be observed in the works of the three outstanding painters from Russia, America and Great Britain.
I would like to start with a great Russian painter Valentin Serov. He is known for his particular concentrating on spontaneity of perception of human and nature. In the development of light and colour, the complex harmony of reflections and the sense of atmospheric saturation Serov manifested features of early Russian impressionism. His most famous portraits are “The Girl with Peaches” and “The Girl Covered by the Sun” perfectly illustrating his unique manner.
As for William Hogarth, the celebrated British artist, he depicted mostly his friends or men of similar background and each time his portraits were full with freshness and realism. So with his method he was inimitable in such works as “Captain Coram” and “The Graham Children”.
Another outstanding portraitist is Mary Cassat, a well-known American artist who embraced the technique of the impressionists while developing a highly individual style. Portrayals of mothers and children became her theme, for example “The Mirror” with its oblique views and simple forms.
In conclusion, I would like to say that portrait painting is a unique genre, allowing not only to appreciate the appearance of the motionless person portrayed, but to feel his mood and try to trace some features and traits of his character with the help of every detail painted by the artist.