ΠΠ· ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ° Π ΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ Π²Ρ ΡΠ·Π½Π°Π΅ΡΠ΅ ΠΎ ΡΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΡ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΠ΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ±ΡΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ. Π ΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ β ΡΡΠΎ Ρ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΠΏΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π½ΠΈΠΊ, Π½ΠΎ Π² Π½Π΅ΠΌ ΡΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ·ΡΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅, ΠΈ Ρ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ Π²Π΅ΡΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΡ. Π‘Π°ΠΌΠΎ ΡΠ»ΠΎΠ²ΠΎ “Π ΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ” ΠΏΡΠΎΠΈΠ·ΠΎΡΠ»ΠΎ ΠΎΡ “Christ’s mass” β “ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠ° Π₯ΡΠΈΡΡΠΎΠ²Π°” ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠ²Π½ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΠ»ΡΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΠΠΈΡΡΡΠ° Π₯ΡΠΈΡΡΠ°. Π ΠΠ½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΈ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ·Π°ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎ Π½Π°ΡΡΠΆΠ°ΡΡ ΡΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½ΡΠΊΡΡ Π΅Π»ΠΊΡ, ΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠΌΡ ΡΡΠΎ Π² Π΄ΠΎΡ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½Π°, Π² Π‘Π΅Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅, Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ·Π΅Π»Π΅Π½ΡΠ΅ Π΄Π΅ΡΠ΅Π²ΡΡ ΡΡΠΈΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΡΡ ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΌ Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ. Π£ΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΎΠΌΠ΅Π»Π° – ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ» Π»ΡΠ±Π²ΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΈΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ. ΠΡΡΡΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΡ – ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ» Π²Π΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΎΠ±Π½ΠΎΠ²Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΈ Π±Π΅ΡΡΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΡ. ΠΠ»Ρ ΡΠ°Π½Π½ΠΈΡ Ρ ΡΠΈΡΡΠΈΠ°Π½ Π΅Π³ΠΎ Π»ΠΈΡΡΡΡ ΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΡΡΠ»ΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²ΡΠΉ Π²Π΅Π½Π΅Ρ, Π° ΡΠ³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ β ΠΊΠ°ΠΏΠ»ΠΈ ΠΊΡΠΎΠ²ΠΈ Π‘ΠΏΠ°ΡΠΈΡΠ΅Π»Ρ. ΠΠ±ΡΡΠ°ΠΉ Π΄Π°ΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ΄Π°ΡΠΊΠΈ Π½Π° Π ΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ Π±Π΅ΡΠ΅Ρ Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π»ΠΎ ΠΈΠ· ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠ½Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΎΠ±ΡΡΠ°Ρ: Π½Π° ΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΡΡΡΠΈΠΉ Π΄Π΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ Π ΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²Π° Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠ²ΡΡ ΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΠ²Π°Π»ΠΈΡΡ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΠ±ΠΊΠΈ Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠΆΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π°Π²Π°Π»ΠΈΡΡ Π±Π΅Π΄Π½ΡΠΊΠ°ΠΌ. Π ΠΎΠ΄Π½Π° ΠΈΠ· Π½ΠΎΠ²ΡΡ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΉ β ΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΡΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΠΎΡΠΊΡΡΡΠΊΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ²ΠΈΠ»Π°ΡΡ ΡΠΎΠ»ΡΠΊΠΎ Π² 1842 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ.
The word “Christmas” is derived from the words “Christ’s Mass” – the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. But although Christmas is undoubtedly a Christian celebration, it is also true to say that it is an unusual combination of pagan and Christian festivities.
A Christmas tree stands in everybody’s living room at Christmas, shining its good cheer around the room. Sitting on the very top of the tree is a silver star surrounded by tiny lights. All the branches are hung with silver bells, tinsel and sparkling lights. Around the base of the tree lie the gifts and toys wrapped up in bright colourful paper.
The Christmas tree has spread its influence around the world. In fact America adopted it before it found its way to England early in Queen Victoria’s reign. Now every Christmas British people are sent a huge fir tree from Norway which stands in Trafalgar Square, in the centre of London, shining down on all the people who gather on Christmas Eve.
In pre-Christian times evergreens – trees that remain green throughout the year were worshiped in Northern Europe as symbols of eternal life. Mistletoe, hung up as a Christmas decoration is a symbol of love and reconciliation.
Holly, a well-known Christmas decoration today, has Christian associations. In Norwegian, Swedish and Danish, holly is known as “Christ’s thorns”, the legend being that Christ wore a crown of holly thorns before his death. Some people have seen associations between the word “holly” and “holy”.
Giving presents goes back to Roman Saturnalia when good luck gifts of fruit, pastry or gold were given to friends on New Year’s Day. In Britain the traditional day to give presents until relatively recently was December 26th and not as it is today, Christmas Day. December 26th is now known as Boxing Day, for it was then that the priests of the Middle Ages opened alms boxes to give to the poor.
Not all Christian customs and traditions are of ancient origin. Although various people have claimed to have designed the first Christmas card. William Egley, an English artist, seems to have the best claim. In 1842 he designed his own card and sent it to one hundred of his friends. Today three billion cards are sent annually in the United States alone.