Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π£ΡΠ°Π» ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎΠ± Π£ΡΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΊΠΈΡ Π³ΠΎΡΠ°Ρ , ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π΅Π»ΡΡΡΠΈΡ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΡΠΎΡΠΈΡ Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΈ Π½Π° ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΠΉΡΠΊΡΡ ΡΠ°ΡΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΠ·ΠΈΡ. Π£ΡΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΊΠ°Ρ Π³ΠΎΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΡΠΈΡΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ° ΡΠ°ΠΊΠΆΠ΅ ΠΎΠ±ΠΎΠ·Π½Π°ΡΠ°Π΅Ρ Π³ΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΡΡ Π‘ΠΈΠ±ΠΈΡΠΈ, ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠΈΡΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉΡΡ Π΄ΠΎ Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΠ°Π»ΡΠ½Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΊΠ°. ΠΡΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΡ Π‘ΠΈΠ±ΠΈΡΠΈ ΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈ Π΄ΠΎΡΡΡΠΏΠ½Ρ Π΄Π»Ρ ΠΈΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΠ΅Π² ΡΠΎΠ»ΡΠΊΠΎ Π² ΡΠ°Π½Π½ΠΈΠ΅ 1990-Π΅ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. ΠΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΠ½Π±ΡΡΠ³ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅ΡΡΠ΅Π½ ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠΎ ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡΠ΅Π»Π° Π² 1918 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄Π½Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΡΡΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΠΌΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΎΡΠ° ΠΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ»Π°Ρ II ΠΈ Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡΠΈ. ΠΡ ΠΎΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΊΠΈ Π±ΡΠ»ΠΈ Π½Π°ΠΉΠ΄Π΅Π½Ρ Π² 1991 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π½Π΅ΠΏΠΎΠ΄Π°Π»Π΅ΠΊΡ ΠΎΡ ΠΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΠ½Π±ΡΡΠ³Π° ΠΈ Π±ΡΠ»ΠΈ Π·Π°Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ½Π΅Π½Ρ Π² ΠΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΠΏΠ°Π²Π»ΠΎΠ²ΡΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΡΠΎΠ±ΠΎΡΠ΅ Π‘Π°Π½ΠΊΡ-ΠΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΡΠ±ΡΡΠ³Π°. Π ΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡΠ΅ ΠΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΠ½Π±ΡΡΠ³Π° ΡΡΠΎΠΈΡ ΠΏΠ°ΠΌΡΡΠ½ΠΈΠΊ Π―ΠΊΠΎΠ²Ρ Π‘Π²Π΅ΡΠ΄Π»ΠΎΠ²Ρ – ΡΠΈΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π½ΠΈΠΊΡ, ΠΎΡΠ²Π΅ΡΡΡΠ²Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌΡ Π·Π° ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡΠ΅Π» ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡΠΈ. Π£ΡΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ Π³ΠΎΡΡ Π±ΠΎΠ³Π°ΡΡ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΆΠ΄Π΅Π½ΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ Π·ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΡΠ°, ΠΏΠ»Π°ΡΠΈΠ½Ρ ΠΈ Π΄ΡΠ°Π³ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΡΡ ΠΊΠ°ΠΌΠ½Π΅ΠΉ. ΠΠ· ΠΏΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ Π² ΠΏΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π΄Π°Π΅ΡΡΡ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π±ΠΎΡΠΊΠΈ ΡΡΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΊΠΈΡ ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΎΡΠ²Π΅ΡΠΎΠ².
The Russian character and identity have long been influenced by the fact that Russia spreads across the two continents: Europe and Asia. The boundary between the two continents lies along the Ural Mountains that also mark the borders of Siberia.
Siberia covers a vast area of over five million square kilometers. For several decades Siberia was strictly off limits to foreigners and only in the early 1990s it became accessible for everybody. The population of Siberia has grown both from a mix of adventurers and fortune seekers who settled there voluntarily and those who were forced to be there for criminal and political reasons.
Tzar Nicholas II and his family were the most prominent people who were forced to stay there. In the center of Yekaterinburg there is a monument to Jakov Sverdlov, a high ranking official, who was responsible for the execution of the royal family. The brutal execution took place in 1918 in the basement room of the house in Yekaterinburg. That house was bulldozed in 1977, as it was an inconvenient reminder of bloody methods of the Communist regime. The royal family was given a secret burial in an unmarked meadow. Controversies about the members of the royal family continued until 1994 when the DNA testing identified the bodies of nine people of the royal family including Anastasia who had been long considered to have survived by a miracle.
The Urals have long supplied Russia with locally mined precious and semi-precious stones. They are widely used by local craftsmen who create wonderful designs in order to make exquisite and unique jewelry. Their masterpieces are famous worldwide.