Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ½Π° Π¨Π΅ΠΊΡΠΏΠΈΡΠ° – Π‘ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠΎΡΠ΄-Π½Π°-ΠΠΉΠ²ΠΎΠ½Π΅ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄Π΅, ΡΡΠ°Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅ΡΡΠ½ΡΠΌ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ ΠΌΠΈΡΡ Π±Π»Π°Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°ΡΡ Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠΌΡ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ ΠΈ Π΄ΡΠ°ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΠ³Ρ Π£ΠΈΠ»ΡΡΠΌΡ Π¨Π΅ΠΊΡΠΏΠΈΡΡ. Π 1597 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ, Π² Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄Π΅ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½Π°Π΄Π»Π΅ΠΆΠ°Π» ΠΊΠΈΡΠΏΠΈΡΠ½ΡΠΉ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π½ΡΠΊ “ΠΡΡ ΠΠ»Π΅ΠΉΡ”. Π ΡΠΎΠΆΠ°Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ, Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ½Π΅ 18-Π³ΠΎ Π²Π΅ΠΊΠ° Π½ΠΎΠ²ΡΠΉ Π²Π»Π°Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π½ΡΠΊΠ° ΠΈΠ·Π±Π°Π²ΠΈΠ»ΡΡ ΠΎΡ Π²ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ, ΡΡΠΎ Π½Π°ΠΏΠΎΠΌΠΈΠ½Π°Π»ΠΎ ΠΎ Π¨Π΅ΠΊΡΠΏΠΈΡΠ΅ – ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΌ ΠΎΠ½ Ρ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π» ΠΎΡΠ²Π°Π΄ΠΈΡΡ ΡΡΡΠΈΡΡΠΎΠ², ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ ΡΠΎΠΏΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΡΡ Π½Π° ΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠ³Π΅. ΠΠΎΡΠ»Π΅Π΄Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΆΠΈΠ·Π½ΠΈ Π¨Π΅ΠΊΡΠΏΠΈΡ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²Π΅Π» Π² Π‘ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠΎΡΠ΄Π΅. ΠΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΠΈΠ½Ρ 23 Π°ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»Ρ 1616 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°, ΠΎΠ½ Π±ΡΠ» ΠΏΠΎΠ³ΡΠ΅Π±Π΅Π½ Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠ²ΠΈ Π‘Π²ΡΡΠΎΠΉ Π’ΡΠΎΠΈΡΡ. ΠΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄ Π‘ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠΎΡΠ΄ Π½Π΅ Π·Π°Π±ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΏΡΠΎ Π½Π°ΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΠΈΠ΅ ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΡΠ½Π°. Π 1932 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π½Π° Π±Π΅ΡΠ΅Π³Ρ ΠΠΉΠ²ΠΎΠ½Π° Π±ΡΠ» Π²ΡΡΡΡΠΎΠ΅Π½ ΠΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π²ΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ Π¨Π΅ΠΊΡΠΏΠΈΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΠ΅Π°ΡΡ, Π° ΠΠΎΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π²ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ Π¨Π΅ΠΊΡΠΏΠΈΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ ΡΡΡΠΏΠΏΠ° ΡΠ΅Π³ΡΠ»ΡΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΠ²Π°Π»ΠΈ Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π΄ΡΠ°ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΠ³Π°.
Stratford-on-Avon, where Shakespeare was born, is now one of the most popular tourist centres. But it was not so many years ago. In the 18th century only a few relics of Shakespeare were left – his tomb, New Place (a large house which was built in place of Shakespeare’s own house), the mulberry tree that he had planted and his birthplace.
People from London and other places came to see these relics. Most of them came to New Place where they wanted to see the famous mulberry tree in the garden. The owner of New Place wasn’t much interested in Shakespeare. He didn’t like the fact that so many visitors came to his house asking to see the mulberry tree. So in 1756 he cut down the tree and his life became quiet. But it didn’t last long. The people who came to Stratford-on-Avon to see Shakespeare’s tree at first were surprised, then they got so angry that the owner of New Place had to leave Stratford.
After Stratford lost one of the most famous relics of Shakespeare, the city fathers decided to do something to attract people there. They asked the greatest actor of the time David Garrick to organize a festival in Stratford.
Garrick planned to do it in the first week of September, 1769. He wanted the festival to be the greatest outdoor festival staged in England.
At six o’clock in the morning of Wednesday September 6 the festival was opened. Many people came to Stratford. The first day was successful, and Garrick was happy. On the second day it rained hard. The second-day evening ended as it began – in the rain.
On the third day all the people left Stratford, Garrick returned to London very sad. But his festival was the beginning of a tradition. Stratford is now famous for its Shakespeare festivals. Every year a lot of people come to Stratford for the Festival season which lasts from April to September.