Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅ ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΈΡ Π²Π°Ρ Ρ Π±Π΅ΡΡΡΠΎΡΠ½ΡΠΌ ΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΡΠΌ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅ΠΌ-ΠΎΠ·Π΅ΡΠΎΠΌ ΠΌΠ΅ΠΆΠ΄Ρ ΠΠ·ΡΠ°ΠΈΠ»Π΅ΠΌ, ΠΠ°Π»Π΅ΡΡΠΈΠ½ΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠ½ΠΎΠΌΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΈ ΠΠΎΡΠ΄Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ. Π£ΡΠΎΠ²Π΅Π½Ρ Π²ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π² ΠΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠΌ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅ Π½Π° 430 ΠΌ Π½ΠΈΠΆΠ΅ ΡΡΠΎΠ²Π½Ρ ΠΌΠΎΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΏΠ°Π΄Π°Π΅Ρ ΡΠΎ ΡΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΈΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ½ΠΎ 1 ΠΌ Π² Π³ΠΎΠ΄. ΠΠΎΠ±Π΅ΡΠ΅ΠΆΡΠ΅ ΠΎΠ·Π΅ΡΠ° ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΌ Π½ΠΈΠ·ΠΊΠΈΠΌ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΡΡΡΠΈ Π½Π° ΠΠ΅ΠΌΠ»Π΅. ΠΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅ – ΡΡΠΎ ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΠ½ ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΡ ΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΡΡ Π²ΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ΅ΠΌΠΎΠ² Π½Π° ΠΏΠ»Π°Π½Π΅ΡΠ΅, ΡΠΎΠ»Π΅Π½ΠΎΡΡΡ ΡΠΎΡΡΠ°Π²Π»ΡΠ΅Ρ 300-310%. ΠΡΠΎ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅ Π΅ΡΠ΅ Π½Π°Π·ΡΠ²Π°ΡΡ: ΠΠΎΡΠ΅ ΡΠΎΠ»ΠΈ, Π‘ΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠΌΡΠΊΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅, ΠΡΡΠ°Π»ΡΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠΎΡΠ΅.
Dead Sea is a salt lake, with area of 390 sq mi (1,010 sq km) is extending 45 mi (70 km) in the Jordan trough of the Great Rift Valley between the Ghor on the north and Wadi Arabah on the south, on the border between Israel and the West Bank (W) and Jordan (E). The shore of the Dead Sea, historically about 1,295 ft (395 m) below sea level but now some 50 ft (15 m) lower, is the lowest dry point on earth.
Situated between steep, rocky cliffs, 2,500 to 4,000 ft (762-1,219 m) high, the sea is divided by the Al Lisan peninsula into two basins-a larger northern basin about 1,300 ft (400 m) deep, and a smaller, shallow southern basin, now separated from the northern basin and divided into salt ponds. The lake is fed by the Jordan River and a number of small streams; it has no outlet. Because it is located in a very hot and dry region, the Dead Sea loses much water through evaporation; its level fluctuates during the year. Inflow has been greatly reduced by the increased use of the waters of the Jordan for irrigation, and water levels are falling.
One of the saltiest water bodies in the world, the sea supports no life. It yields large amounts of mineral salts; potash and bromine are commercially extracted. The ancient cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were on the southwestern shore; present-day Sodom is the site of mineral-salt extraction works. The Dead Sea coast in Israel is the site of beaches, spas, and tourist hotels. Biblical names for the Dead Sea include Salt Sea, East Sea, and Sea of the Plain.