Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΡ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ Π§Π΅ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π Π΅ΡΠΏΡΠ±Π»ΠΈΠΊΠ΅ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΠΈ – Π½Π΅Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π΅ Π² Π¦Π΅Π½ΡΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅. Π‘ΡΡΠ°Π½Π° Π³ΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΡΠΈΡ Ρ ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ Π½Π° ΡΠ΅Π²Π΅ΡΠ΅, ΠΠ΅ΡΠΌΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ – Π½Π° ΡΠ΅Π²Π΅ΡΠΎ-Π·Π°ΠΏΠ°Π΄Π΅ ΠΈ Π·Π°ΠΏΠ°Π΄Π΅, ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ – Π½Π° ΡΠ³Π΅ ΠΈ Π‘Π»ΠΎΠ²Π°ΠΊΠΈΠ΅ΠΉ – Π½Π° Π²ΠΎΡΡΠΎΠΊΠ΅. Π 1989 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΎΡΠ»ΠΎΠ²Π°ΠΊΠΈΡ ΡΠ²Π΅ΡΠ½ΡΠ»Π° Ρ ΠΏΡΡΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ°Π»ΠΈΡΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ°Π·Π²ΠΈΡΠΈΡ Π² ΡΠ΅Π·ΡΠ»ΡΡΠ°ΡΠ΅ ΠΠ°ΡΡ Π°ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ΅Π²ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠΈ. 1 ΡΠ½Π²Π°ΡΡ 1993 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π° ΠΌΠΈΡΠ½ΠΎ ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π΅Π»ΠΈΠ»Π°ΡΡ Π½Π° Π΄Π²Π΅, Ρ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΌ Π½Π΅Π·Π°Π²ΠΈΡΠΈΠΌΡΡ Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΠΈ ΠΈ Π‘Π»ΠΎΠ²Π°ΠΊΠΈΠΈ (“Π±Π°ΡΡ Π°ΡΠ½ΡΠΉ ΡΠ°Π·Π²ΠΎΠ΄”). Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΡ Π²ΡΡΡΠΏΠΈΠ»Π° Π² ΠΠΠ’Π Π² 1999 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈ Π² ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΠΉΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΠΎΡΠ· β Π² 2004 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ. Π‘ 1 ΡΠ½Π²Π°ΡΡ 2009 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π° Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΡ Π±ΡΠ»Π° ΠΠΎΡΡΠ΄Π°ΡΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠΌ-ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΡΠ΅Π΄Π°ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΌ Π‘ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΡΠ° ΠΠ²ΡΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠΎΡΠ·Π° Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ 6 ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΡΠ΅Π². Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΡ Π²ΠΊΠ»ΡΡΠ°Π΅Ρ ΠΈΡΡΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΠΎΠ±Π»Π°ΡΡΠΈ – ΠΠΎΠ³Π΅ΠΌΠΈΡ, ΠΠΎΡΠ°Π²ΠΈΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΡΡ Π‘ΠΈΠ»Π΅Π·ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΡΠ° ΠΌΠ°Π»Π΅Π½ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π° ΡΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π½Π° ΡΠΎΡΠ½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠ½Π½ΡΡ Π·Π°ΠΌΠΊΠΎΠ², ΠΌΠΎΠ½Π°ΡΡΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΈ Π΄Π°ΠΆΠ΅ ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠΌΠΈ Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄Π°ΠΌΠΈ β Π½Π°ΡΡΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΡΠΎΠΊΡΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ Π°ΡΡ ΠΈΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΡΡΡ ΠΈ, ΠΊΡΠΎΠΌΠ΅ ΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ, Π§Π΅Ρ ΠΈΡ β ΡΡΡΠ°Π½Π° ΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠ²ΡΡ Π³ΠΎΡ ΠΈ Π»Π΅ΡΠΎΠ². ΠΠ· ΡΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊΠ° Π²Ρ ΡΠ·Π½Π°Π΅ΡΠ΅ ΠΎ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΡ ΠΊΡΡΠΏΠ½ΡΡ Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ΄Π°Ρ Π§Π΅ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ Π Π΅ΡΠΏΡΠ±Π»ΠΈΠΊΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΎ ΡΡΠ°Π΄ΠΈΡΠΈΡΡ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΡΡ Π½ΠΈ.
The Czech Republic or Czechia is a small landlocked country in Central Europe, situated west and north-west of Germany and bordering Austria to the south, Poland to the north and Slovakia to the south-east.
The Czech Republic is not a large country but has a rich and eventful history. From time immemorial Czechs, Germans, Jews and Slovaks, as well as Italian stonemasons and stucco workers, French tradesmen and deserters from Napoleon’s army have all lived and worked here, all influencing one another. For centuries they jointly cultivated their land, creating works that still command our respect and admiration today. It is thanks to their inventiveness and skill that this small country is graced with hundreds of ancient castles, monasteries and stately mansions, and even entire towns that give the impression of being comprehensive artifacts. The Czech Republic contains a vast of amount of architectural treasure and has beautiful forests and mountains to match.
The country has been traditionally divided into lands, namely Bohemia proper in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the southeast, and Czech Silesia in the northeast. The dialects of Czech spoken in Moravia are slightly different from those spoken in Bohemia, particularly in Prague.
Czech Republic was formed as a result of the dissolution of Czechoslovakia (Velvet divorce) into two national components the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. Both countries went through economic reforms and privatisations, with the intention of creating a capitalist economy. This process was largely successful; in 2006 the Czech Republic was recognised by the World Bank as a “developed country”. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union on 1 May 2004. It held the Presidency of the European Union for the first half of 2009.
I’d like to tell you about some interesting cities which represent variety of Czechia. Prague – the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic with a large and beautiful historic centre. Brno – largest city in Moravia with several excellent museums and the annual Moto GP Grand Prix. Karlovy Vary – historic (and biggest Czech) spa resort, especially popular with German and Russian tourist groups. Olomouc – riverside university town with a 1000 year history and the second-largest historical centre in the Czech Republic. Ostrava – a vibrant local subculture and long history of coal mining and heavy industry. Opava – former capital of Silesia. Pilsen – home of the original Pilsner Urquell beer, and the largest city in West Bohemia.
Traditional Czech food is hearty and suitable after a hard day in the fields. It is heavy and quite fatty, and is excellent in the winter. In the recent time there was a tendency towards more light food with more vegetables, now the traditional heavy and fatty Czech food is usually not eaten everyday and some people avoid it entirely. However nothing goes as well with the excellent Czech beer as some of the best examples of the traditional Czech cuisine, like pork, duck or goose with knedliky (dumplings) and sauerkraut.