Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΠ»ΠΈΠΌΠ°Ρ ΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ΄Π° ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΎ Π΄ΡΠ΅Π²Π½Π΅ΠΉΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΌΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΠΊΠ΅ Π½Π°ΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΠΏΠ»Π°Π½Π΅ΡΡ. Π‘ ΡΠ΅Π²Π΅ΡΠ°, ΠΎΡ ΡΠΊΠ²Π°ΡΠΎΡΠ°, Π²Π΅ΡΡΡ ΠΈ Π²ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΠ½Π΄ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΎΠΊΠ΅Π°Π½Π° ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΊ Π±Π΅ΡΠ΅Π³Π°ΠΌ ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΠΏΠ»ΠΎ. Π‘ ΡΠ³Π° ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΎ Π΄ΡΡΡ Ρ ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ΄Π½ΡΠ΅ Π²Π΅ΡΡΡ, Π΄ΠΎΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡΠΈΠ΅ Π·Π°ΠΌΠΎΡΠΎΠ·ΠΊΠΈ Ρ Π±Π΅ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎΠ² ΠΠ½ΡΠ°ΡΠΊΡΠΈΠ΄Ρ. Π ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΈ Π²ΡΠΏΠ°Π΄Π°Π΅Ρ ΠΌΠ°Π»ΠΎ ΠΎΡΠ°Π΄ΠΊΠΎΠ², ΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠΌΡ ΡΠ΅ΠΊ ΠΈ ΠΎΠ·Π΅Ρ Π·Π΄Π΅ΡΡ ΠΌΠ°Π»ΠΎ. ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΡ – ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΉ Π·Π°ΡΡΡΠ»ΠΈΠ²ΡΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΠΈΠ½Π΅Π½Ρ Π½Π° Π·Π΅ΠΌΠ»Π΅. ΠΠ΅ΡΠ½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΡΡ – Π΄Π΅ΠΊΠ°Π±ΡΡ, ΡΠ½Π²Π°ΡΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ΅Π²ΡΠ°Π»Ρ. ΠΠΈΠΌΠ½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΡΡ – ΠΈΡΠ½Ρ, ΠΈΡΠ»Ρ ΠΈ Π°Π²Π³ΡΡΡ. Π£Π½ΠΈΠΊΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ ΠΊΠ»ΠΈΠΌΠ°ΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΠ΅ ΡΡΠ»ΠΎΠ²ΠΈΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΈ ΠΎΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄Π΅Π»ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠΈΠ³ΠΈΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΡ Π΅Π΅ ΡΠ»ΠΎΡΡ ΠΈ ΡΠ°ΡΠ½Ρ. Π Π°ΡΡΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΌ ΡΠΈΠΌΠ²ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΌ ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΈ ΡΡΠΈΡΠ°ΡΡ ΡΠ²ΠΊΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΏΡ, Π²ΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡ ΡΠ°ΠΊΠΆΠ΅ Π±Π°ΠΌΠ±ΡΠΊ, ΠΏΠ°Π»ΡΠΌΡ, Π°ΠΊΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈ, ΠΌΠ°Π½Π³ΡΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ Π·Π°ΡΠΎΡΠ»ΠΈ ΠΈ Π±ΡΡΡΠ»ΠΎΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ Π΄Π΅ΡΠ΅Π²ΡΡ. Π ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΈ ΠΎΠ±ΠΈΡΠ°Π΅Ρ ΠΎΠ³ΡΠΎΠΌΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΊΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΠΆΠΈΠ²ΠΎΡΠ½ΡΡ , ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠ΅ Π½Π΅ Π²ΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡ Π½ΠΈΠ³Π΄Π΅ Π½Π° ΠΏΠ»Π°Π½Π΅ΡΠ΅: ΠΊΠ΅Π½Π³ΡΡΡ, ΠΊΠΎΠ°Π»Ρ, ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠ½ΠΎΡΡ, Π±Π΅Π»ΠΊΠΈ-Π»Π΅ΡΡΠ³ΠΈ, Π΅Ρ ΠΈΠ΄Π½Ρ, Π²ΠΎΠΌΠ±Π°ΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΎΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠΌΡ.
Australia is situated to the southeast of Asia. It is washed by the Timor Sea in the north, by the Coral and Tasman Seas in the east, and by the Indian Ocean in the south and west. Australia is the most droughty continent in the earth. It is an extremely hot country. Summer months are December, January and February. The average summer temperature is from 20 to 30 degrees above zero. Winter months are June, July and August. The average winter temperature is from 12 to 20 degrees above zero. The most part of the territory lies in tropics. Its southwestern territories lie in subtropics. As droughts are rather common and the amount of rainfall is rather small there are not many rivers in Australia. The largest rivers are the Darling and the Murray.
The isolation of Australia from other continents explains much of the unusualness of Australian plant and animal life. There are forests in the southern and eastern parts of the country. The commonest tree of Australia is the eucalyptus. In the drier areas there is the Australian acacia or mimosa. In those areas one can also find strange bottle trees. They preserve water in their trunks.
Australian animals are also very unusual. Among them there are kangaroos, duckbills, koala-bears, and others. Nine tenth of animal species of Australia do not exist in other parts of the world.