Π’ΠΎΠΏΠΈΠΊ ΠΠ°Π½Π°Π΄Π° (2) ΠΏΡΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ»ΠΆΠ°Π΅Ρ Π·Π½Π°ΠΊΠΎΠΌΠΈΡΡ Π²Π°Ρ ΡΠΎ Π²ΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΉ ΠΏΠΎ Π²Π΅Π»ΠΈΡΠΈΠ½Π΅, ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ Π ΠΎΡΡΠΈΠΈ, ΡΡΡΠ°Π½ΠΎΠΉ Π² ΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅. ΠΠ°Π½Π°Π΄Π° Π·Π°Π½ΠΈΠΌΠ°Π΅Ρ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠΎ Π² ΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅ ΠΏΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Ρ Π»Π΅ΡΠΎΠ² ΠΈ Π±ΠΎΠ³Π°ΡΠ° ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ΄Π½ΡΠΌΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ. Π ΠΠ°Π½Π°Π΄Π΅ Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎ ΡΠ°Π·Π²ΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΌΡΡΠ»Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΡΡΡ, ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΡΠΊΠΎΠ΅ Ρ ΠΎΠ·ΡΠΉΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ±ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ²ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ. ΠΠΎΡΡΠΈ 60 ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ΅Π½ΡΠΎΠ² Π½Π°ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ Π³ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΡΡΡ Π½Π° Π°Π½Π³Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΎΠΌ ΠΈ 27 ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ΅Π½ΡΠΎΠ² Π³ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΏΠΎ-ΡΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ·ΡΠΊΠΈ. ΠΠ°Π½Π°Π΄Π° – ΠΎΠ΄Π½Π° ΠΈΠ· ΡΡΡΠ°Π½ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Π°ΡΠ΅Π»Π΅ΠΉ ΠΠΠ ΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½ΠΈΠΌΠ°Π΅Ρ Π°ΠΊΡΠΈΠ²Π½ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠ΅ Π² ΡΡΠ΄Π΅ ΠΊΡΡΠΏΠ½ΡΡ Π°Π³Π΅Π½ΡΡΡΠ² ΡΡΠΎΠΉ ΠΎΡΠ³Π°Π½ΠΈΠ·Π°ΡΠΈΠΈ.
Canada is an independent federative state. It is one of the most developed countries. Canada consists of ten provinces and two territories. It is situated on the North American continent. In size Canada is the second in the world after Russia. Its area is almost 10 million km2.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, which is situated on the bank of the Ottawa River. It is famous for its beautiful parks. It is also known as the city of bridges. Canada is very rich in forest, minerals and fur-bearing animals. It holds the first place in the world in the amount of forests. It is rich in the following natural resources: non-ferrous metals, uranium, oil, natural gas, coal. Canadian industries produce cars, airliners, locomotives, sea vessels, snow-removal machines and agricultural equipment. The most developed industries are timber, mining, chemical, meat and milk and food industries. Canada grows wheat, barley, flax, potatoes, vegetables and fruits. Fishing is also one of the prosperous industries.
Official languages of Canada are English and French. Nearly 60 per cent of the population speaks English and 27 per cent speaks French. The rest speaks other languages, such as Eskimo, Indian, German, Ukrainian and Italian. Canada is a founding member of the United Nations. It has been active in a number of major UN agencies.